National Education Policy Current Affairs - 2020

National Education Policy, 2020 : Highlights

The Union Cabinet recently cleared a new National Education Policy, 2020. The main aim of the policy is to make India a Global Knowledge Superpower. Along with the policy, the cabinet also approved renaming of Ministry of Human Resource Development to Ministry of Education.

In the history of independent India, the education policy was brought in 1968 and 1986.

Background

The draft of the new National Education Policy was submitted by the panel headed by the former ISRO chief K Kasturirangan in December 2018. It was later opened for feedback after Lok Sabha election in May 2019.

Key Highlights of the policy

The policy has raised public spending on education by the states to 6% of GDP. Currently, India spends 4.6% of its total GDP on education. It has introduced new curricular and pedagogical structure replacing the existing 10+2 structure.

The regions in aspirational districts that are facing greater social, economic and caste barriers are to be designated as “Special Education Zones”.

The policy also aims to set up “Gender Inclusion Fund”. The fund will help in providing equity education to all girls and transgender students.

NCERT: 14-year-old curriculum to be revised

The National Council of Educational Research and Training is planning to revise the 14-year-old National Curriculum Framework in accordance with a new National Education Policy. The Council will set up a new committee to frame the curriculum.

The National Curriculum Framework has been revised four times so far in 1975, 1988, 2000 and 2005. The proposed revision is the fifth framework.

The Council is in the process of taking survey on the primary education available across the country. Shillong, Bhopal, Rajasthan, Mysore blocks have been identified for the preliminary survey.

National Education Policy

The existing education policy was framed in 1986 and was revised in 1992. A new education policy draft was submitted by the former ISRO chief K Kasturirangan and his team. According to the policy draft, the revised curriculum should contain only essential core material in each subject. It should be discovery-based, engaging and provide enjoyable style of learning.