National Green Tribunal Current Affairs - 2019
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The book “Law, Justice and Judicial Power – Justice P N Bhagwati’s Approach” written by Mool Chand Sharma was launched by the Chief Justice of India, Shri Justice Ranjan Gogoi. The first copy of the book was received by the President Ram Nath Kovind.
The book is a collection of 24 essays celebrating Justice P N Bhagwati’s judicial work and landmark judgments as well as his work towards introducing public interest litigation in India.
Justice P N Bhagwati’s contribution to the Indian Judicial System
Justice Bhagwati has been referred to as the father of public interest litigation in India. He imparted idealism and simplicity to the highest court in the country wherein even a petition filed on a postcard was taken into consideration.
The PIL tradition initiated by him is an Indian contribution to the practice of law and the process of justice delivery. It is admired by other democracies and other legal systems as well.
The Chief Justice of India, Shri Justice Ranjan Gogoi referred to Justice Bhagwati as the “harbinger of environmental jurisprudence” and a “judicial statesman”.
Justice Bhagwati evolved constitutional ideas that are still getting shaped. It was Justice Bhagwati who envisaged the necessity for specialized Environmental Courts, which later manifested itself in the form of the National Green Tribunal. For the first time, the prison reforms were embarked upon in India due to the efforts of Justice Bhagwati.
Tags: Chief Justice of India • father of PIL • Indian Judicial System • Law Justice and Judicial Power – Justice P N Bhagwati’s Approach • Mool Chand Sharma • National Green Tribunal • President • Prison Reforms • public interest litigation
The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has asked for a performance guarantee of Rs 10 crore each from the governments of Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh expressing dissatisfaction over the cleaning of river Yamuna.
The order comes after the interim report filed by the monitoring committee comprising of expert member B S Sajwan and former Delhi chief secretary Shailaja Chandra.
Recommendations of the Monitoring Committee
The committee tasked with developing an action plan and a detailed report had made the following recommendations in its interim report:
- A study to assess the environmental flow of the river Yamuna for the stretch between Hathanikund and Okhla and notes that it would not be possible to rejuvenate it unless minimum environmental flow was provided.
- Creating ponds and pits in various localities to facilitate idol immersion.
- Building awareness about why the flood plains are sacrosanct and why they need conservation.
- Involvement of citizens by dissipating knowledge about why the river is important and why it is worth preserving and restoring.
- River Yamuna is a unique birding destination and there is a need for the Delhi Development Authority to preserve the birding hot spots.
Other observations made by the National Green Tribunal
The other observations include:
- The performance guarantee would be forfeited if the work was not carried out as per the recommendations of the monitoring committee.
- The monitoring committee was asked to expeditiously submit its final report.
- Steps to be taken by the three states at the earliest for disposal of municipal solid waste, cleaning of drains and ensuring cleaning of garbage.
- Haryana pollution control board to conduct a study of water quality and the flow of Yamuna at the point it enters Haryana, and submit the list of industries located in the catchment area.
NGT also noted that almost 67 per cent of the pollutants that enter the Yamuna would be treated by two sewage treatment plants at Delhi Gate and Najafgarh under the first phase of the Maili se Nirmal Yamuna Revitalisation project.