National Hindi Divas Current Affairs - 2020

January 10: World Hindi Day

The World Hindi day is celebrated every year on January 10 in order to promote the language world-wide. It is celebrated by Indian Embassies that are located all over the world. The day is being celebrated world wide since 2006.

Significance

Hindi is the fifth largely spoken language in the world. It is spoken in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, UK, USA, New Zealand, Germany, Uganda, UAE, Guyana, Trinidad, Suriname, South Africa and Mauritius. The language is spoken by more than 43 core people in the world.

National Hindi Day

The National Hindi Day is different from that of World Hindi Day. It is celebrated on September 14 every year. Two awards namely Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar and Rajiv Gandhi Rashtriya Gyan-Vigyan Maulik Pustak Lekhan Puraskar are presented annually on National Hindi Day.

The Rabhasha Awards are presented to ministries, PSUs and nationalized banks.

September 14 was selected as National Hindi Day as it was the birth date of Beohar Rajendra Simha.

Beohar Rajendra Simha

He was an Indian scholar, theologian, historian, sanskritist, Sarvodaya-activist, politician, journalist and Gandhian. Hindi was adopted the official language of India on his 50th birthday.

Origin of Hindi

The word was transferred from the Sanskrit language “Sindhu”. The word “Sindhu” became “Hindu” after Iranians entered India.

National Hindi Divas: 14th September

National Hindi Divas (हिंदी दिवस) is observed every year on 14 September in Hindi speaking regions of India and other countries with Hindi speaking population. Observance of this day aims to propagate Hindi language and its cultural heritage and values. It also seeks to promote Hindi as matra bhasha (mother tongue) of India and show its importance as a language in country and world at large.

On this occasion, President Ram Nath Kovind presented Rajbhasha awards for Year 2016-17 at Rashtrapati Bhawan. These awards were instituted by Department of Official Language of Union Home Ministry to recognize excellent contribution of Ministries, Departments and Nationalized Banks in field of Hindi.

National Hindi Divas

Hindi Divas is celebrated to mark adaptation of Hindi language as the official language of India by the Constituent Assembly of India on 14 September 1949. The decision of using Hindi as official language was ratified by Constitution of India which came into effect on 26 January 1950. Under the Article 343 of Indian Constitution, Hindi written in Devanagri script was adopted as the official language. But presently, there are 2 official languages: Hindi and English.

Hindi Language

Hindi is one of the main languages of India and is spoken by around 40% of the Indian population. It belongs to Indo-Aryan branch of Indo-European language family. As per 2011 census, 43.63% of Indians speak Hindi as their mother tongue i.e. around 258 million people. It is native language for most people living in Hindi belt of North India comprising Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh. It is also spoken in many countries of the world including Pakistan, Mauritius, Trinidad, Surinam etc. Outside Asia, Hindi is official language in Fiji along with other two official languages, namely English, Fijian. The dialect of Hindi spoken there is known as Fiji Hindi or Fiji Baat.