National Maritime Day Current Affairs - 2019
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The National Maritime Day (NMD) is observed every year on 5 April to commemorate the maiden voyage of the first Indian owned ship “SS Loyalty” (the first ship of the Scindia Steam Navigation Company Ltd) sailed from Bombay to London on 5th April 1919. It was crucial step for India shipping history when sea routes were controlled by the British. It marked red letter day in maritime history of India, a country known for its seafaring abilities since ancient days.
This year is it is 55th edition of NMD and theme is “Indian Ocean-An Ocean of opportunity”. The NMD is being observed annually since 1964. It provides opportunity to spread awareness in supporting safe and environmentally sound commerce between continents across the world. It should be noted that World Maritime Day (WMD) is observed on September 29 to highlight the importance of shipping safety, maritime security and the marine environment.
Every year 5th April is being observed as National Maritime Day of India. 2016 was the 53rd edition of National Maritime Day and the theme was “Ease of doing business in the maritime sector”.
Significance of the day: On this day in 1919 navigation history was created when SS Loyalty, the first ship of the Scindia Steam Navigation Company, journeyed to the United Kingdom. It was a crucial step for India shipping history when sea routes were controlled by the British.
The National Maritime Day was first celebrated on 5th April, 1964. India is strategically located in the Indian sub-continent and has about 7516 kilometres of coastline. The long coastline is serviced by a total of 182 ports, 12 of them under a special status as Major Ports. Presently, 90 per cent of India’s international trade in terms of volume and 77 per cent in terms of value is moved by sea.