National Mission for Clean Ganga Current Affairs - 2020

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National Ganga Mission Begins Conservation of wet lands along the Ganges

The National Mission of Clean Ganga (NMCG) has taken up the initiative under Namami Gange Project to conserve wetlands of the Ganges basin. The primary aim of Namami Gange project is to rejuvenate the river by increasing its flow. It also includes recharging aquifers and conservation of wetlands.


The NMCG along with the State Wetland authorities will identify and prepare plans in conserving wetlands.

Conditions of Wetlands along Ganges

Some of the wetlands are degraded through the drainage, landfill and over exploitation. For instance, the recently closed Sisamau Nala drainage in Kanpur contaminated the underground water and also river ecosystem in the region.

Significance of Wetlands

The wetlands provide nutrient recycling, flood and drought mitigation, surface and groundwater recharge.

Wetland Conservation

Ramsar Convention is an intergovernmental treaty that was established in 1971 by UNESCO. It is a treaty that was signed for the conservation of wetlands. There are 27 Ramsar sited in India.

Steps of India

India differentiates its wetlands into 8 categories based on their regional presence. It includes Deccan Plateau in the south, saline expanses in Rajasthan, Gulf of Kutch and Gujarat, delta wetlands of India’s East Coast, lakes and rivers in mountain regions of Ladakh and Kashmir, marshes and swamps in northeast India and Himalayan foothills and mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

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NMCG organized ‘Ganga Utsav’ in New Delhi

The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) organized the ‘Ganga Utsav’ in Major Dhyanchand stadium in New Delhi to mark the 11th anniversary of Ganga being declared as national river. It was organized in coordination with Union Jal Shakti Ministry.

About Ganga Utsav

The event was organised in a bid to create awareness and gather public participation in efforts to clean River Ganga and its tributaries. It is celebrated every year on 4 November because Ganga was declared as the country’s national river on this day in 2008.

Such events play an important role in drawing public attention to the cause of Ganga and play a vital role in creating general awareness about keeping Ganga and its tributaries clean. Besides, it also showcases the efforts being put in by NMCG and Union ministry to maintain the ‘aviralta’ and purity of river Ganga.

Several students also participated in the event, where they learned methods to save the river and had an interactive session with Director-General of NMCG Rajiv Ranjan Mishra about conservation of river waters.

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