National Mission for Clean Ganga Current Affairs - 2020

Nepal approves new Map: Includes Kalapani

On May 19, 2020, Nepap approved a new map that included the territories of Kalapani, Lipuleh and Limpiyadhura. However, the territories have been claimed by India as well. In October 2019, India issued a new political map that included Lipulekh and Kalapani on its side of border.

What is the issue?

In 1816, the kingdom of Nepal and British India signed the Treaty of Sugauli under which Kali River was fixed as the Western Border of Nepal. The issue has arisen in locating the source of the river that led to boundary disputes between India and Nepal. Both the countries are supporting their own claims.

India’s Claims

India recently inaugurated a road section in Pithogarh district of Uttarakhand. According to India, under treaty of Sugauli, Limpiyadhura is the point of origin of Kali river. It is the point where Nepal border begins.

Kali River

Kali river originates in Sivaliks ranges. The Himalayas are divided into three ranges namely Himadri, Himachal and Sivalik. The river is under India’s clean up target of National Ganga River Basin Authority.

National Ganga River Basin Authority

The National Ganga River Basin Authority was established under Environment Protection Act, 1986. The act also declared Ganges as the National River. The authority though has role in safeguarding the river basin, it is not involved in National Mission for Clean Ganga.

IDEAthon launched by Jal Shakti ministry

On May 2, 2020, the National Mission for Clean Ganga operating under Ministry of Jal Shakti launched “IDEAthon”. It focuses on “The Future of River Management” to explore how the COVID-19 crisis will change the river management strategies.

Highlights

The IDEAthon event examined how social angle of rivers can be leveraged to address the crisis. It also discussed about the lessons taught by COVID-19 crisis.

Outcomes

The event finalized that more attention is required towards river management. Also, it highlighted the interconnectivity of cities with the river. The river cities require special focus in creating awareness about the ecological importance and economic potential of the rivers to help the cities.

The IDEAthon had created a framework called River Management in a city’s Urban river management plan.

The Namai Gange Programme is to bring out a policy based on the suggestions provided by IDEAthon.

Namami Gange

The Namami Gange, also called the National Mission for Clean Ganga was launched in 2011. The initiative focuses on controlling the pollution of River Ganga. The main pillars of the mission include sewerage treatment, industrial effluent monitoring, bio-diversity, development of river surface cleaning, afforestation, and public awareness.

In order to implement the scheme India has joined hands with Germany