National Nutrition Mission Current Affairs - 2020

NITI Aayog Report: 28% of Aadhaar based payment are going to wrong accounts

The NITI Aayog has released a progress report on National Nutrition Mission (Poshan Abhiyaan). According to the report, one in three Aadhaar based payments was credited to a wrong bank account, especially in Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana.

Highlights

This is the second report prepared by the think tank. The report was prepared and released by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. According to the report, 28% of Aadhaar based payments were going to wrong bank accounts.

The report also says that 66% of direct benefit transfers were based on Aadhaar. Only 60% of the beneficiaries were aware of the receipt of benefits

Why PMMVY in specific?

Out of all the women and child development schemes, PMMVY is crucial because, Rs 6,000 transferred to the pregnant and lactating mothers should reach them on time. This is because they are credited as wage compensation and for their betterment of health.

Ranking of the states

The report also ranked the states based on 4 parameters namely

  • Strategy and Planning
  • Governance and Institutional Mechanism
  • Programme Activities and Intervention Coverage
  • Service Delivery and Capacities

Out of the 19 large states, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh scored the top three ranks. They had implementation scores of 70% and above. The least performing larges states were Karnataka, Assam and Kerala. Among the small states Mizoram and Sikkim scored above 75%.

Among Union Territories Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Chandigarh and Daman and Diu were the best performers scoring above 75%.

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Bharatiya Poshan Anthem launched by Vice President M Venkaiah

Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu launched the ‘Bharatiya Poshan Anthem’ in New Delhi, which aims towrads taking message of making India malnutrition free to all corners of country. While launching, Vice president hoped that the ‘poshan anthem’ will lead to a nutrition revolution to transform India into a malnutrition-free country by 2022.

The anthem was conceptualised by Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) and has been penned by noted lyricist Prasoon Joshi and sung by Shankar Mahadevan.

About ‘Poshan Abhiyan’ or ‘National Nutrition Mission’ (NNM)

It is flagship programme of Union government to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers. POSHAN stands for ‘Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition’.  NNM was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 8 March 2018 on the occasion of the International Women’s Day from Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan. It aims to make India malnutrition free by 2022 by ensuring holistic development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women, mothers and children.

Malnutrition in India:  According to the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016-18, about 34.7% of Indian children aged less than 5 are stunted. These figures are of grave concern and it is government’s responsibility to ensure that children get best childhood possible.

More than 12 crore women, over 6 crore men and 13 crore children were reached through various activities undertaken during POSHAN Maah in September 2018. Thus, it must be ensured that momentum is not weakening to achieve target of malnutrition free India by 2022.

Way Ahead

To ensure the best implementation of POSHAN Abhiyaan, there is an urgent need to establish coordination among various agencies, departments of both central and state governments. There is also a need to invest in training and capacity building of Anganwadi workers, this is because, the success of Poshan Abhiyaan depends upon collective efforts of all including optimum utilization of Anganwadi Services.

Government should focus on ensuring good quality, easily accessible and affordable maternal healthcare services for all women. Increasing people’s participation is also essential to ensure holistic development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women, mothers and children. Also, addressing girl-dropout from schools, preventing early marriage of girls, delaying first pregnancy and adequate spacing between births will contribute to better nutrition.

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