National Nutrition Mission Current Affairs

POSHAN Abhiyaan: India inks $200 million loan agreement with World Bank

The Union Government has signed $200 million loan agreement with World Bank for National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyaan) for 315 districts across all states and union territories. The loan proceeds will be used for reducing stunting in children 0-6 years of age from 38.4% to 25% by 2022 under POSHAN Abhiyaan.

POSHAN Abhiyaan

POSHAN Abhiyaan (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition) was launched in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan in March 2018. It aims to ensure holistic development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women, mothers and children.

It targets to reduce level of under-nutrition and other related problems by ensuring convergence of various nutrition related schemes. It also targets stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and low birth rate. It will monitor and review implementation of all such schemes and utilize existing structural arrangements of line ministries wherever available.

Its large component involves gradual scaling-up of the interventions supported by ongoing World Bank assisted Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Systems Strengthening and Nutrition Improvement Project (ISSNIP) to all districts in the country by 2022.

Work Bank Load

The World Bank loan will be used for improving coverage and quality of ICDS nutrition services to pregnant and lactating women and children under 3 years of age. It will be also used for project in improving skills and capacities of ICDS staff and community nutrition workers, instituting mechanisms of community mobilization and behaviour change communication, strengthening systems of citizen engagement and grievance redress.

It will be also used for establishing mobile technology based tools for improved monitoring and management of services for better outreach to beneficiaries during critical 1,000 day window for nutrition impact. It will additionally ensure convergence of all nutrition related schemes and provide performance based incentives to states and community nutrition and health workers, facilitating a focus on results.

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Government launches National Nutrition Mission

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched National Nutrition Mission (NMM) at event held at Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan on the occasion of International Women’s Day. NNM is comprehensive approach towards raising nutrition level in country on a war footing.

National Nutrition Mission (NMM)

NNM is an apex body under Ministry of Women and Child Development to monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide nutrition related interventions across Ministries. It will monitor various schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition.

It comprises mapping of various schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition, incentivizing states/UTs for meeting targets, incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools, eliminating registers used by AWWs and introducing measurement of height of children at Anganwadi Centres (AWCs).

It will also comprise social audits, setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres and involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on nutrition through various activities, among others. The mission has been set up with a three year budget of Rs. 9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18.

The mission targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia among young children, women and adolescent girls and reduce low birth weight by at least 2% per annum. Though target to reduce stunting is at least 2% annum, the mission will strive to achieve reduction in stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022.

More than 10 crore people are expected to be benefitted by programme. It will cover all states and districts in phased manner. 315 districts will be covered in 2017-18 and 235 districts in 2018-19, remaining districts will be covered in 2019-20.

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