national park Current Affairs - 2020

Uttarakhand opens Biodiversity Park

The State of Uttarakhand has recently opened a biodiversity park in Haldwani as the rich botanical heritage of the state is facing threats from climate change and degrading habitat loss, degrading landscapes and development activities.


The Park was established on World Environment Day. The hill state that is rich in biodiversity has been losing flora and fauna due to the following reasons

  • Climate Change
  • Fragmentation of Habitat
  • Landscape Degradation


The main reason for the degradation of biodiversity in the state, especially in the hilly regions of the country is popularity that is gained by food products from hilly regions of the country. The foods have been labelled “Super Foods”. While, the hills are converted into plantation, very little efforts are put in to conserve the forests.

Impact on local food

The new plantations coming up in the hilly regions of India are giving importance only to commercially profitable food items. This has led to threats of local food varieties.

About the park

There park consists of 40 thematic sections. It includes fruits, plant edible species and also plants of medicinal and commercial importance. The park also includes plants that have religious, cultural and historical significance.

The park also includes local food varieties. This mainly included wild berries such as Kaphal, Ghingharu, Hisalu and Kilmora. These berries naturally grow in the forests and consumed by the locals.

Assam Baghjan Oil Well Fire

On June 9, 2020, a massive fire engulfed the Baghjan oil well of Assam. The well of the Oil India Limited had blown out on May 27, 2020 and has been leaking gas for the past 14 days.


The accident is causing huge damages and is leaking gas. The smoke from the site could be seen from 10 km of radius. The Indian Air Force has been helping in firefighting operations. The Indian Army has also reached the place and is in operation.

The National Disaster Response Force team was deployed since the time of gas leak.

Environmental Impacts

The incident is depositing gas condensate in the Maguri Beel Wet Land. This is affecting the flora and fauna of the region. Carcasses of endangered Gangetic dolphins and aquatic life are seen floating in the Dibru-Saikhowa National park. The paddy fields, wetlands and ponds have also been contaminated and the threats are increasing.

Around 6,000 people living around the natural gas producing well have been evacuated. Rs 30,000 has been announced for these affected families. The tea growers in the region also have complained layers of gas condensates in tea garden.