National Productivity Council Current Affairs - 2019
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National Productivity Council (NPC) is celebrating National Productivity week from February 12th to 18th, 2019. This year, the theme is “Circular Economy for Productivity & Sustainability”. This theme will help NPC to meet its zero waste goal.The above theme is decided by looking into the different national objectives of sustainable growth and commitments with respect to different sectors. Themes are always used as they help in information dissemination and aid in the adoption of new processes for growth and modernization.
What is Circular Economy?
Circular Economy is based on the model of Make, Use and Return. It controls the finite stocks and reuses them by recycling and thus balances the resource flow. The key advantages of Circular Economy are as follows:
- It will increase productivity.
- It will create more jobs.
- It will reduce carbon emission thus preserving valuable raw materials.
Circular Economy system increases the product life span through improved design and servicing and relocating wastes from the end of the supply chain to the beginning.
Other Initiatives taken by NPC to accomplish the goal of converting linear economy to circular economy are:
- New Solid waste management rules to fulfill the Swacch Bharat objectives.
- Trained energy professionals in various industrial sectors.
- To meet 50% of NDC target, 18640 certified energy auditors have been prepared.
- Through 10-15 annual workshops from the last 12 years, 8000 boiler supervisors have been trained who are experts on efficiency and safety issues.
About the National Productivity Council
National Productivity Council is an autonomous registered society under DIPP (Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade), Ministry of Commerce & Industry. It was established in the year 1985. Its core function is to promote and adopt the new and improved culture of productivity in India.
The National Productivity Day is observed every year in India on February 12. Besides, February 12-18 is observed as National Productivity week throughout the country with the theme ’Industry 4.0 Leapfrog Opportunity for India’.
The main observance of day is organised by National Productivity Council (NPC) for encouraging all stakeholders in implementation of productivity tools and techniques with contemporary relevant themes. This year it is 60th Anniversary of the NPC and is being celebrated as Diamond Jubilee Year.
It is also called as fourth industrial revolution. It is emerging globally as powerful force and is being called as next industrial revolution. It is characterized by increasing digitization and interconnection of products, value chains and business models.
Industry 4.0 means convergence of real and virtual worlds. It is the next phase in bringing together conventional and modern technologies in manufacturing. It will result in “Smart Factory”, which is characterized by versatility, ergonomic design, resource efficiency and direct integration with business partners.
Previous industrial revolutions
The first industrial revolution was triggered by water and steam power to move to mechanical manufacturing from human labour. The second industrial revolution built on electric power for mass production. The third industrial revolution used electronic and information technology to automate manufacturing. The fourth industrial revolution is the current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies.
National Productivity Council (NPC)
NPC is a national level autonomous organization under Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce & Industry to promote productivity culture in India. It was established as registered society on 12th February 1958 by Government to stimulate and promote productivity and quality consciousness across all sectors in the country.
It is a tri-partite non-profit organization (NGO) with equal representation from government, employers and workers’ organizations. It also has representatives from technical and professional institutions including members from local productivity councils and chamber of commerce on its Governing Body.
It also implements the productivity promotion schemes of Government and carry out programmes of Tokyo based Asian Productivity Organization (APO), an inter-governmental body of which India is founder member.