National Sample Survey Current Affairs - 2020

29th June: National Statistics Day

To popularize the use of Statistics in everyday life, every year 29th June is celebrated as the National Statistics Day. The day 29th June was chosen to acknowledge the invaluable contributions made by Prof. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in establishing the National Statistical System. 29th June is the birth anniversary of Prof. P.C Mahalanobis.

National Statistics Day was celebrated first in the year 2007. World Statistics Day is celebrated on October 20th every year.

Theme of National Statistics Day 2020

SDG- 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages) & SDG- 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls)

Aim of the Day

The day is being celebrated to sensitize the citizens of the country as to how Statistics helps in shaping and framing policies. Statistics helps us in presenting a result much effectively through correct analyses and the proper methods for collecting the data.

Prof. P C Mahalanobis

Recipient of Padma Vibhushan in 1968 Prof P.C Mahalanobis’s contribution in the field of Statistics is recognized all over the world. He served as the Chairman of the United Nations Sub Commission on Statistical Sampling from 1947 to 1951.

In 1931, Prof. P C Mahalanobis founded the ISI-Indian Statistical Institute (ISI formally registered in April 1932). Post Independence, a comprehensive socio-economic national sample survey was designed and planned by ISI, for this survey-the National Sample Survey (NSS) was established by him in the year 1950. To date, for the collection of sample surveys in the country, NSS is the premier agency of the Indian Government.

NSO Survey on Household Health Expenditure

The National Statistical Office on November 23, 2019 released its survey on Household Social Consumption related to health. The survey was conducted between July 2017 and June 2018. It was a part of the 75th round of National Sample Survey.

The main objective of the survey was to collect data on expenditure on medicines, expenditure in hospitalization, investigation, expenditure, maternity, childbirth, etc. The data for the survey was collected from 1.13,823 households

Findings of the survey

Around 14% of rural population and 19% of urban population had their health expenditure covered. Only 1% of urban population received health insurance from government health protection schemes.

The average medical expenditure that is being spent in rural India per hospitalization case is Rs 16,676 and in urban India is Rs 26,475. The survey says that about 90% of rural childbirths and 96% of urban child births were institutional.

In rural areas, around 97% of the children received vaccination. This includes all the 8 prescribed vaccinations. Among them, 59% of boys and 60% of girls were completely immunized.

Ayushman Bharat

GoI is currently working under the scheme under the objective “health for all”.  It is considered as one of the world’s largest health coverage scheme. Around 100 million poor vulnerable families are included under the scheme. They are listed under the scheme based on SECC 2011.