National Security Current Affairs - 2019
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India and Uzbekistan have inked 17 agreements including for cooperation in the fields of tourism, national security, training of diplomats, against trafficking and visa free travel for diplomatic passport holders. These agreements were signed after delegation level talks Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Uzbekistan’s President Shavkat Mirziyoyev in New Delhi.
In was first concerted effort from India to open strategic communication channels and broadened defence and counter-terrorism cooperation with Uzbekistan. Both countries also agreed to hold joint military training exercise in area of counter-terrorism, cooperate in field of military education and military medicine, set up Joint Working Group (JWG) to support and sustain enhanced, mutually-beneficial defence-related activities. They have also decided to institute a regular dialogue on Afghanistan.
Signed Agreements are
- Agreement for visa-free travel for diplomatic passport holders.
- Agreement on cooperation in the field of tourism.
- Memorandum on cooperation in the field of military education.
- MoU on Cooperation in the sphere of Law and Justice.
- Agreement in the field of agriculture and allied sectors.
- Agreement in scientific-technical and innovation fields.
- Agreement on cooperation in the field of health and medical science.
- Agreement on mutual cooperation in combating illicit trafficking narcotic drugs
- Agreement on cooperation in the exploration and uses of outer space for peaceful purposes.
- MoU between Samarkand City of Uzbekistan and Municipal Corporation of Agra, Uttar Pradesh.
- MoU on establishment of mutual cooperation and partnership
- Agreement on cooperation on establishment of the India- Uzbekistan business council
- Program of Cooperation between Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan and India for 2019-2020.
- MoU on for Development of pharmaceutical industry under the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
- MoU on Cooperation for establishment of the Uzbek-Indian Free Pharmaceutical Zone in the Andijan Region of Uzbekistan.
- MoU for cooperation between Office of the Security Council under President of Uzbekistan and National Security Council Secretariat of India.
- MoU on Cooperation between Indian Council of World Affairs (ICWA) and Institute for Strategic and Regional Studies under President of Uzbekistan.
The Lok Sabha has passed Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill, 2017 to make it easier for government to acquire immovable property for “national security and defence purpose”.
The Bill amends the Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property Act, 1952 and changes rules for payment of compensation.
Key Features of Bill
The bill seeks to amend a provision to allow Centre to re-issue the notice of acquisition in order to ensure that the property’s owner gets an opportunity to be heard. Through it, government intends to pay fair and just compensation to land owner.
In cases where notice has been re-issued, property owner will be entitled to interest on compensation payable to them. The re-issue of notice will not apply to cases where compensation has already been awarded and accepted by the claimants. The bill will have retrospective effect from March 14, 1952, the date of the enactment of the Act.
The amendment to the Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property Act, 1952 has been done in the interest of the security of the nation. It will help corrupt elements from taking undue advantage by misusing the litigation process.
Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property Act, 1952
The Act provides for central government to requisition immovable property or land for any public purpose such as defence, central government offices and residences. Once the purpose for which property was requisitioned is over, Central Government must returned it back to owner in good condition as it was when possession was taken.
The central government may acquire such requisitioned property in two cases. Firstly incase central government has constructed any work at such property and right to use such work is with government. Secondly incase cost of restoring requisitioned property to original condition is excessive and owner refuses to accept property without being compensated for restoring property.