National Statistics Day Current Affairs - 2020

29th June: National Statistics Day

To popularize the use of Statistics in everyday life, every year 29th June is celebrated as the National Statistics Day. The day 29th June was chosen to acknowledge the invaluable contributions made by Prof. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in establishing the National Statistical System. 29th June is the birth anniversary of Prof. P.C Mahalanobis.

National Statistics Day was celebrated first in the year 2007. World Statistics Day is celebrated on October 20th every year.

Theme of National Statistics Day 2020

SDG- 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages) & SDG- 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls)

Aim of the Day

The day is being celebrated to sensitize the citizens of the country as to how Statistics helps in shaping and framing policies. Statistics helps us in presenting a result much effectively through correct analyses and the proper methods for collecting the data.

Prof. P C Mahalanobis

Recipient of Padma Vibhushan in 1968 Prof P.C Mahalanobis’s contribution in the field of Statistics is recognized all over the world. He served as the Chairman of the United Nations Sub Commission on Statistical Sampling from 1947 to 1951.

In 1931, Prof. P C Mahalanobis founded the ISI-Indian Statistical Institute (ISI formally registered in April 1932). Post Independence, a comprehensive socio-economic national sample survey was designed and planned by ISI, for this survey-the National Sample Survey (NSS) was established by him in the year 1950. To date, for the collection of sample surveys in the country, NSS is the premier agency of the Indian Government.

October 20: World Statistics Day

The World Statistics Day was celebrated for the first time in 2010. It was declared by the United Nations Statistical Commission. It is celebrated once in 5 years. India celebrates Statistics Day on 29th June, on the birthday of the legend statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.

The next World Statistics Day is to be celebrated on October 20, 2020. On October 15, 2015 the second World Statistics Day was celebrated under the

Theme: Better Data, Better Lives.

Significance

Statistics describe reality of people’s every day life. It is essential for framing sound social and economic policies. According to the United Nations, Statics is the path finder for solution as well as a veritable tool in assessing the extent of level of development of a country in a given period of rime.

The information obtained from statistics is used for central and local financial allocation, and use planning, providing education facilities, health care planning, etc. Statistics also help to monitor and evaluate ongoing economic reforms.