National Tiger Conservation Authority Current Affairs - 2020

Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation

The third Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation is being held at New Delhi. In the conference, wide-ranging discussions shall be held on the status of the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) by all tiger range countries besides deliberations on combating wildlife trafficking.

This conference is organised by the Global Tiger Forum which is an implementing arm of the Global Tiger Initiative Council (GTIC), in collaboration with the National Tiger Conservation Authority (Government of India), WWF, Wildlife Conservation Trust (WCT) and Wildlife Trust of India (WTI).

Global Tiger Recovery Program

The Global Tiger Recovery Program seeks to empower Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) to address the entire spectrum of threats, domestic as well as those that are transboundary in nature, and work toward increased financial sustainability through the integration of conservation objectives into development.

To address the crisis haunting the Tiger Survival especially the Asian biodiversity crisis, the TRCs, international organizations, and civil society have come together on a collaborative platform within the framework of the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI) at St. Petersburg, Russia.

Through the GTI, a GTRP has been developed with the shared goal of doubling the number of wild tigers globally by 2022 for:

  • To effectively manage, preserve, protect, and enhance tiger habitats.
  • To eradicate poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade of tigers, their parts, and derivatives.
  • To cooperate in transboundary landscape management and in combating illegal trade.
  • To engage with indigenous and local communities.
  • To increase the effectiveness of tiger and habitat management.
  • Restore tigers to their former range.

This is the second stock-taking conference to be held in India. India will also hold a meeting with its neighbouring tiger range countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan & Nepal to discuss a sub-continent level tiger estimation report as a follow-up of deliberations held earlier on the sidelines of the conference.

Guru Ghasidas National Park in Chhattisgarh to be declared as Tiger Reserve

The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has given in-principle approval for creation of Guru Ghasidas-Tamor Pingla tiger reserve in Chhattisgarh. The NTCA in this regard has sought a final proposal from the Chhattisgarh state administration.

Guru Ghasidas national park lies between two important tiger reserves- Bandhavgarh (Madhya Pradesh) and Palamau (Jharkhand) and is also contiguous with the Sanjay-Dubri tiger reserve (Madhya Pradesh).

Background

  • In June 2011, the proposal to declare Guru Ghasidas National Park as a tiger reserve was proposed by the then Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment and Forests Jairam Ramesh to Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Raman Singh.
  • The proposal was made after the area was surveyed by the Wildlife Institute of India in 2010.
  • The survey had clearly mentioned that, though the prey population in the habitat is low at present, it has considerable diversity. Therefore, with good management and protection under Project Tiger, the area has a potential for supporting a viable tiger population along with the Sanjay-Dubri tiger reserve.

At present, Chhattisgarh has three tiger reserves- Indravati, Udanti-Sitanadi and Achanakmar. According to an NTCA, these reserves have 26 tigers as per Tiger census of 2010.