NATO Current Affairs - 2020

India’s New representative of UN; India to become member of UNSC

The 1985 Indian Foreign Officer T S Trimurti is to succeed Syed Akbaruddin as the permanent representative of the United Nations. Mr Trimurti was serving as the Secretary to Economic relations. The appointment announcement was made by the External Affairs ministry.

Recently, announcement was made that India is to become a member of UNSC.

Permanent Representative to the UN

The permanent representative is the head of the diplomatic mission to an international organization. The organizations that have permanent representative include United Nations, NATO, World Trade Organization, African Union, European Union, Organization of Islamic Cooperation and Organization of American States.

India’s membership at UNSC

India has been striving hard to get a permanent membership at the United Nations Security Council. Currently, there are five permanent members namely US, France, UK, Russia and china.

Non-Permanent Member

India is to become a non-permanent member at the UNSC in 2021. Along with 5 permanent members, there are 10 non-permanent members at the UNSC. A non-permanent member holds term for two years. In order to become a non-permanent member, a country should gain confidence of at least two-thirds of the members.

Akbaruddin

Akbaruddin was a 1985 IFS officer. He had served twice in Saudi Arabia. He also served as a representative of India at the International atomic energy Agency. His works at the United Nations against terrorism, climate change and peace keeping were commendable.

IISS Study: World Defence spending biggest in 10 years

On February 14, the International Institute of Strategic Studies released its report on Defence Spending all over the world. The report was titled “Military Balance”. According to the report, the global spending rose by 4% in 2019. This is the largest growth in 10 years.

Highlights

The report also says that the Defence race between China and US has increasing alarmingly. The Military Modernization Programme in China has led to developing new hard to detect Hypersonic missiles. This has kindled US to spend alarmingly towards its Defence Programmes. In 2018-19 the United States has spent 53.4 billion USD towards its Defence Programmes.

Relative Spending

Out of all the countries, China and US has increased the spending by 6.6%. The Europe spending has increased by 4.2%. This is the first time Europe has seen increased levels of spending since financial crisis in 2008.

NATO members

US is constantly complaining that the NATO members are not contributing enough towards Defence spending. US had earlier accused Germany for not living up to the 2014 NATO pledge. According to the NATO pledge the member nation should contribute 2% of its GDP to Defence.

International Institute for Strategic Studies

The IISS is a British Research Institute that was established in 1997. The IISS was ranked the 10th best institute in the world by the Global Go To Think Tank Index. It is also the second best Defence and National Security think tank globally.