Natural Disasters Current Affairs - 2020

Amphan develops into a super cyclonic storm

On May 18, 2020, Amphan turned into a super cyclonic storm. This is the second super cyclonic storm faced by India since Fani in 1999.

Highlights

The Super Cyclonic storm will hit the coast of Odisha and West Bengal according to the Indian Meteorological Department. The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is preparing evacuation plan and response preparedness.

The storm will cause extensive damage upon landfall. The waves are expected to reach a height of 4 to 6 metres. The warnings about a cyclone are given by the Indian Meteorological Department.

Stages of Cyclone Warning System in India

There are five stages of Cyclone Warning System in India. They are as follows

  • Pre-Cyclone Watch
  • Cyclone Alert
  • Cyclone Warning
  • Post Landfall Outlook
Pre-Cyclone Watch

Under this stage, warnings are issued before 72 hours. Th warning under this stage is issued by Director General of Meteorology himself.

Cyclone Alert

This is the second stage in the warning system. The warnings in this stage are issued before 48 hours in advance of the adverse weather over coastal areas.

Cyclone Warning

At this stage, the warnings are issued at least 24 hours in advance of adverse weather conditions.

Post Landfall Outlook

This is issued at least 12 hours in advance of the expected landfall.

Arabian Sea Cyclones are Weak as compared to Bay of Bengal Cyclones

The absence of landmass between the Pacific Ocean and Bay of Bengal, allows the cyclonic winds to move easily into the Bay of Bengal. This makes them stronger than those formed in Arabian Sea.

“Lost At Home”: A Report released by UNICEF

On May 5, 2020, the UNICEF released its report called “Lost at Home”. The report enforces the risks and challenges of internally displaced children and the need to protect them.

Key Findings of the report

According to the report, at the end of 2019, around 46 million people were internally displaced due to conflict and violence. Among them, every four out of 10 were children, which is 19 million children.

Due to conflicts the number of people displaced has increased from 25 million a decade ago to 40 million in the last 5 years. In the end of 2019, among the 46 million living in displacement due to violence, 42% were children.

Region Wise

The highest number of children that were displaced were in Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Around 12 million children were displaced in 2019 alone in MENA due to violence. The regions where the displacement of children were high includes west and central Africa, eastern and southern Africa, Latin America and Caribbean, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia and Pacific and Western Europe.

Three Major Countries

The three major countries that accounted to more than half of persons displaced due to conflict and violence are Syrian Arab Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo and Yemen.

Displacements due to Natural Disasters

In 2019, around 25 million were displaced due to natural disasters. The natural disaster led disasters were high in India, China, Bangladesh, Philippines. These countries accounted to 65% of global natural disaster-based displacement.

India

In India, according to the report, the displacements were mainly due to disasters. Around 5 million were displaced in India in 2019 due to natural disasters. This mainly includes floods and storms.