Naval Exercises Current Affairs

India, Japan, US: Malabar Exercise 2018 to be held off coast of Guam in Philippine Sea

Trilateral Naval Exercise Malabar 2018 between India, Japan and United States will be held off the coast of Guam in Philippine Sea from June 6-15, 2018.  It will be 22nd edition of the naval exercise. The exercise comes at time of increased friction between China and US along with nations bordering resource rich South China Sea (SCS) as China is militarising reclaimed islands in it to further strengthen its claim.

Key Facts

This edition of annual exercise will focus on high-end war fighting skillsets, subject matter expert and professional exchanges. It will also include combined carrier strike group operations, surface and anti-submarine warfare, medical operations, maritime patrol and reconnaissance operations, damage control, helicopter operations and visit, board, search and seizure operations.

Indian Navy participation in this year’s exercises will include indigenous stealth frigate INS Sahyadri, fleet tanker INS Shakti, anti-submarine corvette INS Kamorta and P-8I long-range maritime patrol aircraft. Japan is deploying its helicopter carrier JDS Ise along with Kawasaki P-1 aircraft maritime patrol aircraft and Soryu class conventional submarines. US is sending its aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan along with strike complement of destroyers, nuclear attack submarines and support ships in addition to P-8A maritime patrol aircraft.

Background

Malabar Exercise was started as Indo-US bilateral naval war drill in 1992. Since then it is held annually. Japan had formally joined the exercise as permanent participant in 2015, making it trilateral exercise. The primary aim of this multilateral exercise is to increase interoperability amongst navies of three countries and develop common understanding of procedures for Maritime Security Operations and deepen defence relations between them. In 2007, the exercise also saw participation of Australia and Singapore. All the participating nations in the exercise have clarified earlier that the Malabar series is not aimed at any specific country.

Month: Categories: Defence Current Affairs 2018

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US withdraws invitation to Chinese navy to participate in 2018 RIMPAC maritime exercise

United States had withdrawn invitation to Chinese navy to participate in 2018 Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) maritime exercise. The withdrawal was in response China’s continued illegal militarisation of islands in disputed South China Sea. RIMPAC 2019 is the 26th exercise of its type, after first being held in 1971. More than 25,000 naval officers from 29 countries are expected to take part in it.

Background

China claims almost entire strategic South China Sea (SCS), where Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam have conflicting claims. China has built strategic runaways and ports on the artificial islands in the SCS. It also has deployed weapons such as surface-to-air missiles to contested features in Spratly (Nansha) Islands and its landing of bomber aircraft on Woody (Yongxing) Island. US has conducted freedom of navigation operations close to China-claimed areas to challenge what it sees as China’s excessive claims. China had participited in the last two Rimpac exercises (2014 and 2018). Notably, Chinese and US Navies also had conducted joint submarine rescue drill aboard Chinese vessel during 2016 exercise.

Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise

The RIMPAC is the world’s largest international maritime warfare exercise. It is held biennially near Honolulu, Hawaii (US) during June and July of even-numbered years. It is hosted and administered by the United States Navy’s Pacific Fleet (headquartered at Pearl Harbor) in conjunction with Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Hawaii National Guard forces under control of Governor of Hawaii. For this exercise, host country US invites military forces of countries from Pacific Rim and beyond to participate. The biennial exercise seeks to provide a unique training opportunity to participants in order foster cooperative relationships to ensure the safety of sea lanes and security on the world’s oceans.

Month: Categories: Defence Current Affairs 2018

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