Naxalism Current Affairs - 2019
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Chhattisgarh will get specialised anti-Naxal combat force called Black Panther on the lines of the Greyhounds unit of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. It was announced by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh after chairing meeting on Left-Wing Extremism (LWE). Currently, training is being imparted for personnel who will be part of Black Panther elite force.
Greyhounds is elite commando force force that specialises in anti-insurgency operations against Naxals and Maoists and also expert in jungle warfare with operational jurisdiction in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. It was raised in 1989 by IPS officer KS Vyas to combat left wing extremists in then undivided Andhra Pradesh. It is described as best anti-insurgency force that specialises in anti-Maoist operations and as experts in jungle warfare, even above CRPF’s CoBRA force which has more men, budget and better arms than Greyhounds.
The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has commissioned special unit called Bastariya Battalion (numbered 241) to combat Naxals activities in Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. This is for first time CRFP has raised special battalion that includes local representation to enhance combat capabilities in Naxal-hit area of Bastar district.
241 Bastariya Battalion
241 Bastariya Battalion comprises total 739 local tribal youths including 198 women combatants (33% female candidates as per government policy) selected from four highly Naxal infested district in Chhattisgarh, i.e Bijapur, Dantewada, Narayanpur and Sukma. It will be deployed in Special Operation Zone (SOZ) of Chhattisgarh to fight against naxals.
To raise this battalion, CRPF had undertaken special recruitment drive to recruit 743 rural ST candidates to give a fair chance to the aspirants. It also had imparted pre-educational and physical training during the recruitment drive to ensure maximum participation and equal opportunities in coordination with state administration.
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was established in 1939, under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence, it was made statutory after enactment of the CRPF Act, 1949. Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain the insurgency. Apart from anti-Naxal operations, CRPF personnel also carries out several operations in situations of crisis like terrorist attacks, counter-terrorism operations, rescuing citizens during terrorist attacks among others.