NEET Current Affairs - 2019

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National Testing Agency takes measures to Acquaint Aspirants

The National Testing Agency (NTA) which is vested with the responsibility of the conduction of competitive exams has taken the following measures to acquaint aspirants with the computer-based examinations:

  • A mobile application has been launched through which students can practice or take mock tests on their smartphones.
  • The National Testing Agency has also launched a network of more than 4,000 Test Practice Centres (TPCs).

These measures are aimed at ensuring the aspirants especially those from rural areas are not at disadvantage due to the mode of the exam.

National Testing Agency

National Testing Agency is a premier, specialist, autonomous and self-sustained testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for admission/fellowship in higher educational institutions.

The National Testing Agency is entrusted with the responsibility to address the challenge of assessing the competence of candidates through an efficient, transparent and error-free process.

Functions of the National Testing Agency

The functions of the National Testing agency are:

  • To identify partner institutions with the necessary infrastructure from the existing schools and higher education institutions to facilitate the conduct of online examinations without adversely impacting their academic routine.
  • To set-up a question bank for all subjects using modern techniques.
  • To establish a strong R&D culture as well as a pool of experts in different aspects of testing.
  • To help individual colleges and universities in the field of testing and to provide training and advisory services to institutions in India.
  • To provide quality testing services to the academic institutions in India.
  • To develop a state of the art culture of testing in India by using domestic and international expertise. To collaborate with international organizations like ETS to achieve the same.
  • To undertake any other examination that is entrusted to it by the Ministries/Departments of Government of India/State Governments.
  • To undertake the reforms and training of school boards as well as other bodies where the testing standards should be comparable with the entrance examinations.

The National Testing Agency will be chaired by an eminent educationist and the governing council of the National Testing agency is headed by the Secretary, Department of Higher Education under the Ministry of Human Resource and Development.

The National Testing agency is successfully conducting Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) main for undergraduate engineering admissions and National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for medical admissions.

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JEE (Main), NEET to be held twice a year, over multiple days: HRD Ministry

Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has announced that two of India’s most popular competitive exams, Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) (Main) and National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET), will now be held twice a year and over multiple days. Both exams will be conducted by newly formed National Testing Agency (NTA). It will also conduct National Eligibility Test (NET).

Key Facts

All these exams were earlier conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Henceforth, JEE (Main) for undergraduate admission into various engineering colleges will be held twice a year in January and April. NEET for admission into medical and dental courses will be held in February and May. NET to determine eligibility for post of assistant professor or award of junior research fellowship will be held in December.

NTA will conduct these exams will be held over many days and students will have option to choose date. Moreover, if student appearing for JEE (Main) and NEET both times in a year, best of his/ her two scores will be taken into account. All tests will be computer-based and practice modules will be made available on NTA website.

For conducing these exams, NTA will create network of test centres and students will be able to use them free of charge. These exams will be conducted more securely, at par with international norms and there will be no issues of leakage and it will be more student-friendly, open, scientific.

Significance

By holding these competitive professional career exams twice a year, students will not lose one year because there will be two examinations before admission. This will give students more choice and reduce stress due to single exam conducted on one single day in year. This will give more chances to students, thereby giving adequate opportunity to bring out his/her best.

Background

The Union Cabinet approved in November 2017 approved setting up of the NTA as an autonomous body to conduct examinations for entrance to higher educational institutions. Apart from above three exams, NTA will also conduct Common Management Admission Test (CMAT) and Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT). JEE (Advanced) exam conducted for IITs entrance will be not conducted by NTA.

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