Nepal Current Affairs

International Conference on ICT to be held in Kathmandu, Nepal

International Conference on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) will be held in Kathmandu, capital city of Nepal from June 17-18, 2018. The Theme of two day conference is “Sustainable Development Goals for Smart Society”.

Key Facts

The conference is organised by Federation of Computer Association Nepal (CAN). It aims to bring government and private sector together for developing plan of action using sustainable ICT applications. It also seeks to unleash prospects of SMART Nepal by 2030.

It will provide common platform to participants to exchange their knowledge and discover new insides. Around 500 delegates, including ICT users, professionals, trainers, researchers and experts from India, Japan, China, Korea and Nepal will attend the event.

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Nepal becomes first country in south-east Asia to eliminate Trachoma: WHO

World Health Organization (WHO) has validated Nepal for having eliminated trachoma, a contagious bacterial infection of the eye. It makes Nepal first country in WHO’s South-East Asia Region to defeat trachoma, world’s leading infectious cause of blindness. The eye disease was second leading cause of preventable blindness in Nepal in 1980s. Its prevalence in Nepal has fallen by 40% following implementation of sustained control activities including national trachoma programme which provided incentives to local communities and districts to build and maintain latrines, measures that were crucial to improve sanitation and reduce disease carrying flies.

WHO Criteria used to assess country’s claim for having eliminated trachoma as a public health problem

  • Less than 5% of children aged 1–9 years have signs of active trachoma
  • Less than 0.2% of people aged 15 years and older have trachomatous trichiasis.
  • Health system which can identify and manage new cases of trachomatous trichiasis.

Trachoma

It is an eye disease caused by infection with bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Infection is particularly common in young children. It causes inflamed granulation on inner surface of eye lids. It spreads through contact with infective eye or nose discharges. Ocular or nasal discharge can be transmitted directly from person to person or be mediated by flies which have been in contact with eyes and noses of infected people. Trachoma transmission is associated with poor sanitation and hygiene, which increase availability of eye discharges and encourage breeding of flies. It can be treated with antibiotics in case of children. Older people infected with it require eyelid surgery to cure it.

India had self-declared itself free from infective Trachoma in December 2017 after it met goal of trachoma elimination as specified by WHO under its GET2020 (Global Elimination of Trachoma by the year 2020) program.

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