Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Current Affairs - 2020

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January 23: Birth Anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose celebrated

On January 23, 2020, India celebrated 123rd birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose. He was born on January 23, 1897. In order to commemorate Netaji’s birth anniversary, GoI is inaugurating a temple at Varanasi in the name of the leader with a Dalit woman as a chief priest. The prayers are to be performed to Bharat Mata at the temple.

About Netaji Temple

The temple is to be built in red, white and black colours. The red colour symbolizes revolution, black represents strength and white for peace. The temple has been built to inculcate patriotism among the citizens.

Azad Hind Fauj

Netaji formed a separate army called the “Azad Hind Fauj”. It was also called the Indian National Army or the INA. There were around 85,000 soldiers in INA.

About Netaji

Netaji did his schooling in Cuttack. He also passed the Indian Civil Service exam. However, he joined the non-cooperation movement and fought for India’s independence. He was elected as the president of Indian National Congress in 1939. However, he was expelled due to his differences with the other Congress leaders.

Controversies of Netaji’s Death

Different theories came with death of Subhash Chandra Bose. However, in 2017 GoI in its reply under Right to Information act, confirmed that the leader had died on August 18, 1945 in a plane crash. He was 48 years old when he died.

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Netaji’s Azad Hind Government Commemorated

The 76th anniversary of Azad Hind Movement was commemorated at Red Fort, Delhi. The Union Minister of Culture and Tourism Shri Prahlad Singh attended the celebration. Last year PM Modi attended the celebrations unveiling the plaque to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of the formation of Azad Hind Government.

The commemoration of the event also saw the presence of the Secretary General of the INA trust, its members and other higher officials from the Ministry of Culture.

Azad Hind Movement

The Provisional Government of Free India or Azad Hind was established in Singapore in 1943. It was supported by the Japanese Empire, Italian social Republic, Nazi Germany and other allies. The purpose of the movement was to ally with the Axis Powers to free India from British rule.

The movement was established by the Indian Nationalists in exile during the later part of Second World War. The movement was founded on October 21, 1943 being inspired by the concepts of Subhash Chandra Bose.

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