Netherlands Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

World Press Freedom Index 2019

International NGO, Reporters without Borders has released the World Press Freedom Index 2019. The index is based on the assessment of the countries’ press freedom records in the previous year.

The report is partly based on a questionnaire which asks questions about pluralism, media independence, environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, and infrastructure.

World Press Freedom Index 2019

  • The World Press Freedom Index 2019′, topped by Norway which is followed by Finland, Sweden, Netherlands and Denmark.
  • The 2019 index finds that hatred against journalists has degenerated into violence, contributing to an increase in fear around the world.
  • India has dropped two places on a global press freedom index to be ranked 140th out of 180 countries and the report indicates an increased sense of hostility towards journalists across the world, with violent attacks in India leading to at least six Indian journalists being killed in the line of their work last year.
  • The report notes that at least six Indian journalists were killed in connection with their work in 2018. Violence against journalists including police violence, attacks by Maoist fighters and reprisals by criminal groups or corrupt politicians is one of the most striking characteristics of the current state of press freedom in India.
  • The murder of journalists highlighted the many dangers that Indian journalists face, especially those working for non-English-language media outlets in rural areas.
  • South Asia in general features poorly on the index. Pakistan has dropped three places to 142, and Bangladesh has dropped four places to 150.
  • In Africa, Ethiopia (up 40 at 110th) and Gambia (up 30 at 92nd) have significantly improved from last year’s Index.
  • Both Vietnam (176th) and China (177th) have fallen one place and Turkmenistan (down two at 180th) is now last, replacing North Korea (up one at 179th).

The report concludes that the number of countries regarded as safe, where journalists can work in complete security, continues to decline, while authoritarian regimes continue to tighten their grip on the media.

Month: Categories: Reports & IndicesUPSC

Tags:

World Happiness Report 2019

The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network has released the World Happiness Report 2019. The report ranks countries on six key variables that support well-being: income, freedom, trust, healthy life expectancy, social support and generosity.

The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network ranks the world’s 156 countries on “how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be”.

Findings of the Report

  • Finland topped the index of for the second year in a row and the report notes that Finland has succeeded in generating recipe that’s not dependent on economic wealth.
  • Finland is followed by Denmark, Norway, Iceland and The Netherlands.
  • The report notes that there has been an increase in negative emotions, including worry, sadness and anger across the world and the overall world happiness has fallen over the past few years.
  • None of the world’s major economic powerhouses made it to the top 10.
  • The United Kingdom stood at a rank of 15 (from 18 last year), Germany went down from the 15th spot to the 17th and the United States dropped from the 18th to the 19th.
  • Japan, Russia and China finished at 58 (down from 54th), 68 (down from 59th ) and 93rd place (down from 86th) respectively.
  • India has witnessed a sustained drop with a 140th place this year compared with the 133rd place in 2018.
  • India featured in the list of five countries that had the largest drop since 2005-2008 in the index, along with Yemen, Syria, Botswana and Venezuela.

Bottom 10

The World Happiness Report offers the world’s governments and individuals the opportunity to rethink public policies and individual life choices, to raise happiness and well-being.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

Tags: