New Delhi Declaration Current Affairs - 2019
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The sixth edition of Asia Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (APMCHUD) held in New Delhi has adopted New Delhi declaration to adopt Urban Plus approach.
This was the first such meeting held to discuss ways of realising the New Urban Agenda that was finalised during the UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (also known as “Habitat III” conference) held in Quito, Ecuador in October 2016. Its theme of conference was ‘Emerging Urban Forms-Policy Reforms and Governance Structures in the Context of New Urban Agenda’. It was attained by representatives of Asia Pacific countries that account for over 55% of global urban population. It adopted Implementation Plan and New Delhi Declaration. The next biennial APMCHUD Conference will be hosted by Iran in 2018.
New Delhi Declaration
- Strongly advocated planning for urban and adjoining rural areas in an integrated manner instead of looking at them as independent entities.
- Called for thorough review of existing policies and formulation of new policies to promote New Urban Agenda adopted at UN Habitat III Conference in Quito, Eucador in October 2016.
- It stressed on the need for effective governance structures in urban areas noting that governance as the key to sustainable development.
Implementation Plan Recommends
- Formulation of National Human Settlement Policies to promote inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable city and human settlements.
- Land regulation policy mechanisms such as land pooling to ensure inclusive and participatory planning, integration of land use and transportation planning across defined boundaries of cities.
- Enforcement and incentivasation of timely execution of infrastructure projects, formulation of comprehensive urban parking policies and community participation in urban planning.
- Adopt urban resilience as criteria for investment to withstand and absorb disasters and shocks and maintain normal services and quickly return to normalcy.
For background: 2016 APMCHUD
The 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) adopted ‘New Delhi Declaration’ and ‘Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework’.
It was the first AMCDRR to be held after the advent of the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR) 2015-2030. The next AMCDRR will be held in Mongolia in 2018.
AMCDRR was established in 2005. It is a biennial conference jointly organized by different Asian countries and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
World Tsunami Awareness Day
The Conference also commemorated the first World Tsunami Awareness Day (observed on 5 November) to spread awareness on tsunami. The observance of the day stressed on the importance of early warning systems and preparedness of communities in order to mitigate damage from the often devastating natural hazard.
New Delhi Declaration of AMCDRR
- It is a political commitment of participating governments towards preventing and reducing disaster risk in the Asian region.
- It also committed for strengthening the resilience of communities, nations and the Asian region for Disaster Risk Reduction.
- It commits to a people-centred and whole-of-society approach towards DRR in order to accelerate the implementation of global frameworks.
- It also emphasises the need to enhance the capacity of communities and ensure participation of all stakeholder groups towards achieving resilience.
Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework
- It focuses on the how to reduce disaster risk at national and local levels.
- It has longer term road map of cooperation and collaboration, spanning the 15-year horizon of the Sendai Framework.
- Besides, it also has a two-year action plan to further disaster risk reduction with specific, actionable activities.
What is Sendai Framework for DRR?
The SFDRR was adopted by at the Third World Conference on DRR at Sendai in Japan in March, 2015. It identifies targets and priority action areas towards reducing disaster risk by ‘reducing the damage caused by natural hazards like floods, droughts, earthquakes and cyclones through an ethic of prevention.