New Initiative Current Affairs - 2019
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NITI Aayog has launched SATH-‘Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’ with the State Governments for furthering the agenda of cooperative federalism.
NITI Aayog under the SATH initiative plans to identify and build three future ‘role model’ states for health systems.
After identification of three states, NITI Aayog will work in close collaboration with the state machinery of these three states. It will help in designing a robust roadmap, develop a program governance structure, establish monitoring and tracking mechanisms, and provide support to the state institutions to achieve the end objectives.
SATH program will be implemented by NITI Aayog along with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium.
Selection of States
For selecting three model states, NITI Aayog spelled out three-stage process, namely, expression of interest, presentations by the states and assessment of commitment to health sector reforms.
Subsequently, 16 states expressed interest in the initiative out of which 14 states presented their project proposals-Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Punjab, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh.
From these four states, NITI Aayog has shortlisted 5 states. After subsequent screening and evaluations, three states will be selected. Parameters such as MMR, IMR, incidence of malaria will be considered for determining potential impact, and metrics such as density of doctors and nurses, compliance to IPHS norms will be used to determine likelihood of success.
The program will be launched after signing of MoUs with these three selected states.
NITI Aayog is essentially an advisory body that seeks to provide critical directional and strategic inputs across spectrum of key elements of policy to the centre as well as states. The Government of India has established Niti Ayog as a “Think Tank” which has no power to impose policies. By establishing Niti Ayog the government wants to be an “enabler” and leaves the impetus to provide a platform for cooperative and competitive federalism to the newly established body.
On 11 August the social network giant Facebook doled out 21 million US dollar to Indian app developers under its FbStart initiative.
With an aim to attract next billion Internet users towards social networking, last year Facebook launched FbStart an initiative to promote and help new mobile app developers around the world.
The two Indian entrants Hyderabad-based Samosa and Delhi’s Cardback received the 21 billion US dollars under this initiative.
- The Hyderabad-based Samosa had developed an app that offers a curated collection of clips from popular movies that people can share with friends.
- The Delhi- based Cardback developed an app that helps cardholders and wallet users identify the best ways to pay and maximise their rewards and savings for every transaction they make.
- Under FbStart, Facebook provides software and tools worth $80,000 and $30,000 respectively to app developers.
- FbStart was organised in Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan and India in Asia-Pacific region. Facebook has more than 1,000 members as part of the FbStart programme in Asia.