New National Policy on Biofuels Current Affairs
The Union Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas had organised a consultative workshop on New National Policy on Biofuels & Pradhan Mantri Ji- Van Yojana (VGF for 2nd Generation Ethanol Bio Refineries) in New Delhi.
The workshop was organised for promoting Biofuels with objective to reduce dependency on import of crude oil, savings in foreign exchange, provide better remuneration for farmers and address growing environment concerns in the light of India’s Commitment at COP 21.
During the workshop 5 Working Groups on 1-G (first Generation) Ethanol (Biofuels), 2-G Ethanol, Biodiesel, Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW) to Fuel & Bio-CNG deliberated issues related to their segment in detail and came up with many constructive suggestions and inputs. These Working Groups comprised of all the stakeholders (producers, bankers and buyers).
1-G and 2-G Ethanol, Biodiesel, MSW to Fuel and Bio-CNG together with Methanol (DME) have huge potential in augmenting economic growth, generating employment and doubling farmers’ income. This will be instrumental in achieving the target of 10% oil import reduction by 2022.
Biofuel is defined as any fuel whose energy is obtained through process of biological carbon fixation. It can be characterized on basis of their source biomass.
Generations of Biofuels
- 1G Biofuel: They produced directly from food crops such as wheat and sugar etc.
- 2G Biofuel: hey are produced from marginal croplands unsuitable for food production or non-food crops. For example-Jatropha. It overcomes over food vs. fuel debate in first generation biofuel.
- 3G Biofuels: It is based on improvements on production of biomass by taking advantage of specially engineered energy crops such as algae as its energy source.
- These engineered energy crops can be cultured to act as low-cost, high-energy and entirely renewable feedstock. They have potential to produce more energy per acre than conventional crops.