NHB Current Affairs - 2020

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RBI to Divest its Entire Stake in NABARD and NHB

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has sold its entire stakes in the National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD) and National Housing Bank (NHB) for Rs 20 crore and Rs 1,450 crore respectively.

Disinvestment by RBI

  • The decision to divest its entire stake was taken based on the recommendations of the second Narasimham Committee. The committee had stated that RBI could not own those entities which are regulated by it.
  • The government now holds a 100 per cent stake in both NHB and NABARD.

Earlier in June 2018, the government had bought out the entire 59.7 per cent stake in SBI from the Reserve Bank.

The RBI in 2010 divested 71.5% of 72.5% of its shares in NABARD and the remaining of were divested in February similarly RBI which held 100% in NHB, which was divested on 19 March 2019.

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Cabinet approves ₹1,450 crore for share capital of RBI in NHB

The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the Rs1,450 crore for the share capital of Reserve Bank of India in the National Housing Bank (NHB). The authorized capital of NHB stood at Rs 2000 crore of which Rs 1450 crore was subscribed by RBl.

Transfer of Ownership from RBI to Government

  • The Finance Bill 2018 amended the National Housing Bank Act, 1987 to transfer RBI’s stake in the NHB to the government.
  • The amendment was in accordance with the recommendations of the Narasimhan Committee. The committee had recommended the transfer of RBI’s stake in State Bank of India, NABARD and NHB to the government to differentiate the central bank’s role as the owner of banks and the sector regulator.
  • Now the ownership of the NHB would be vested with the central government. This change in ownership will strengthen funding support to housing finance companies.

The transfer of ownership together with segregating  RBI’s role as a banking regulator and as the owner of NHB will aid in strengthening the housing finance scenario in the country.

National Housing Bank (NHB)

National Housing Bank (NHB) was established under the act of parliament viz. the National Housing Bank Act, 1987 based on the recommendations of the Rangarajan committee.

NHB was set up as the apex institution for housing finance and operates as a principal agency to promote housing finance institutions both at local and regional levels. NHB provides provide financial and other support to such housing finance institutions.

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