NIC-CERT Current Affairs - 2020

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GoI established I4C and a portal to deal cyber crimes

On January 10, 2020, the Union Home Minister Amit Shah inaugurated the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) and a National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal. The centre was approved in October 2018 at a cost of 416 crores.

Highlights

The I4C has 7 major components. It includes National cyber Crime Threat Analysis Unit, Platform for Joint Cyber crime Investigation team, National Cyber Crime reporting portal, cyber crime ecosystem management unit, national cyber-crime training centre, National Cyber Research and Innovation centre and Cyber crime Ecosystem management unit.

So far, 15 state governments and Union Territories have agreed to set up Regional Cyber Crime Coordination Centres.

The National Cyber Crime reporting portal will enable the citizens to report cyber crimes online. It has specific focus on crimes against child pornography, women, child sex abuse.

Significance

According to NCRB (National Crime Research Bureau), 2017, the cyber crimes has doubled in India. Apart from I4C, the central government has also launched NIC-CERT (National Informatics Centre-Computer Emergency Response Team).

The centres are highly important for India to achieve its 5 trillion-dollar economy by 2024. This is because, Indian Power sector alone faces at least 30 events being reported daily. The attacks originate from Singapore, China and Russia.

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MeitY launches first NIC-CERT to prevent, predict cyberattacks on government utilities

The Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) launched first NIC-CERT, a setup of National Informatics Centre (NIC) to prevent and predict cyber-attacks on government utilities.

It was launched by Union Minister of Law & Justice and Electronics & Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad in New Delhi as part of Digital India Initiative.

NIC-CERT

The NIC-CERT will monitor and help in early detection and mitigation of cyberattacks on government networks. It has been setup with objective of creating comprehensive framework that integrates world class security components and inbuilt threat intelligence for detection, prevention and incident response.

It will operate in close co-ordination and collaboration with other sectoral CERTs and more so with CERT-In. Using advance tools, NIC-CERT team will correlate events that would help in generating canvas of attack surface and identify vulnerabilities and possible exploits. The PAN-India connectivity of NIC coupled with its enhanced ability to detect and prevent attacks will collectively upscale NIC-CERT capability to protect government’s data.

Background

Government has introduced a lot of its services online as part of its Digital India initiatives which has made the services easily accessible to citizens. But at the same time it also has exposed them to threats and vulnerabilities that are an inherent part of cyberspace. In recent past there has been an exponential growth in cyberattacks leading to concerns of data theft. The government had already announced setting up of sectoral CERTs (computer emergency response teams) for sectors such as finance and power.

National Informatics Centre (NIC)

The NIC (Rashtriya Suchna Vigyan Kendra) is premier science & technology organisation of Government in informatics services and information and communication technology (ICT) applications. It is a part of MeitY’s Department of Electronics & Information Technology. It was established in 1976.

It plays a pivotal role in steering e-governance applications in governmental departments at national, state and district levels, thus enabling improvement and wider transparency in government services. Almost all Indian-government websites are developed and managed by NIC.

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