Nobel Current Affairs - 2020

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Nobel Prize, Literature, 2019

The Nobel Prize in Literature for the year 2018 was awarded to Polish author Olga Tokarczuk and for the year 2019 was awarded to Austrian author Peter Handke.

Olga Tokarczuk

Olga was born is a Polish writer, activist and public intellectual. She is a trained psychologist from the University of Warsaw. She has published poems, novels. Her books “Flights” won the Nike award. Nike Award is considered as one of hte top literary prizes of Poland. She had also won the German – Polish international Bridge prie for her accomplishments in promotion of peace and democratic development among the Europeans in different nations.

Peter Hanke

Peter is an Austrian novelist, translator and playwright. He has won several awards like International Ibsen award in 2014, Mulheimer Dramatikerpreis in 2012, Fraz Kafka PRize in 2009, etc. HE has also collaborated with directors and written scripts for movies like The Goalkeeper’s Fear of the Penalty, the wrong move, the left handed woman, the absence, etc.

The Nobel prize of literature category was postponed last year due to a scandal

The Scandal

Since 1901 only 14 laureates were women out of 114 winners. This created  criticisms that the Swedish academy is male oriented and Euro – centric. Apart from this, last year a sex scandal forced to postpone the Nobel Prize 2018. It was postponed after the rape accusations made against Jean – Claude Arnault, husband of academy member Katarina Frostenson. The scandal forced many to vacate the seats damaging the century old reputation of Nobel laurels.

The Nobel Prize in Literature has been awarded 110 times since 1901.

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All unfilled chemical munitions of Syria destructed: OPCW

As per Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), all of Syria’s unfilled munitions have been destroyed.

The United Nations and OPCW teams are working in tandem in Syria with an aim to remove the most toxic chemicals from Syria by the end of the year for destruction at sea and destroy the entire program by mid-2014. The OPCW, which won the Nobel Peace Prize 2013, has been instructed by the United Nations to supervise the destruction of the Syrian government’s chemical weapons stockpile.

Why destruction of Chemical weapons is going on in Syria?

The Syrian government under Bashar-al Assad was accused by the US and its Western allies of using Chemical weapons (mainly Sarin gas) to crush the rebellion in the country. Syria rejected the allegations and blamed the rebels for its use. The matter went to the extent that the US started contemplating military action against the country which was opposed by Russia. Later, on Russia’s intervention, Syria joined Chemical Weapons Convention which requires all parties to declare and destroy all of the chemical weapons they possess. Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has the job is to implement the Chemical Weapons Convention. Syria joined the OPCW and agreed to dismantle its chemical arsenal to avoid possible U.S. military strikes.

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