Nobel Prize Current Affairs - 2020

February 28: National Science Day

Every year on February 28, India celebrates National Science Day to mark the discovery of Raman Effect by Sir C V Raman. Raman Effect was discovered by the professor on February 28, 1928. This year, the National Science Day is celebrated under the theme

Theme: Women in Science

History

The National Science Day was first designated in 1986 and was first celebrated in 1987. Sir C V Raman announced his discovery on this day. He was later awarded the Nobel Prize for this discovery in 1930.

It was the National Council for Science and Technology that asked the GoI to pronounce February 28 as the National Science Day. The Council operates under Department of Science and Technology and is the nodal agency in implementing the celebrations of the day.

Raman Effect

The Effect states about scattering of light. When a beam of light comes out of a liquid, the light wave scattered in a direction is different from that of the incoming light wave.

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Nobel Peace Prize – 2019

The 100th Nobel Prize for peace has been awarded to the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abhiy Ahmed Ali for his efforts towards peace and international cooperation. The prize was awarded in particular to honor his initiatives to resolve border conflict with Eritrea.

Abhiy Ahmed Ali

Ali became the Prime Minister of Ethiopia in 2018. Since then he was keen in resuming peace talks with Eritrea. He quickly worked out principles of peace agreement with the president of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki and ended the long “no peace no war” stalemate.

Apart from this, he also initiated many reforms in Ethiopia. He spent his first 100 days of power in lifting the state of emergency in the country. He granted amnesty to 1000s of political prisoners, legalized outlawed opposition groups, discontinued media censorship, increased the influence of women in Ethiopian political and community life.

The Greta Factor

There had been great speculation over the prize with the climate activist Greta Thunberg being tipped as the favorite. The 16 year school girl is a Swedish teenager who became famous for her activism in August 2018. She initiated a mass movement “School strike for climate” where the teenagers quit school demanding for action towards climate change.

She had inspired a number of school children that it is now been addressed as the “The Greta Effect”

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