Nobel Prize Current Affairs - 2020

July 18: Nelson Mandela International Day

Every year Nelson Mandela International Day is marked all over the world on July 18. The day was officially declared by the United Nations in 2009 and the first UN Mandela day was observed in 2010.

Highlights

The day is observed as a global call to action that celebrates the idea, “Every individual has the power to transform the world”.

Nelson Mandela

He was born on July 18, 1918. Nelson Mandela International Day is celebrated on his birth anniversary.

Mandela served as the president of South Africa between 1994 and 1999. He was the first black head of the state.

He co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1961. It was the armed wing of African National Congress. Nelson Mandela ended apartheid. Apartheid was a system of institutionalized racial segregation that prevailed in South West Africa and South Africa from 1948.

Awards

Nelson Mandela received more than 260 awards. He won the Nobel Prize for peace in 1993. In 1990, the India Government awarded the Bharat Ratna for his role in anti-apartheid movement. Bharat Ratna is one of the highest civilian awards in India.

Asia’s Nobel Prize-Ramon Magsaysay Awards cancelled

A Manila, Philippines based foundation that gives out Ramon Magsaysay Award announced that the awards are being cancelled due to COVID-19.

Highlights

The Ramon Magsaysay Award has been cancelled thrice in 6 decades. The awards were cancelled for the first time in 1970 due to financial crisis. It was cancelled again in 1990 due to disastrous earthquake. The award has been named after a popular Philippine president that died in a plane crash in 1957.

About the Award

The award is considered as the Nobel Prize of Asia. It was established in 1957. The Award recognizes and honours individuals that have achieved distinction in their field and help others generously.

The Award has been given in five categories namely journalism, government service, public service, literature and creative communication

Ramon Magsaysay

Magsaysay became the president of Philippines in 1953. The administration years of Magsaysay are cited as Golden Years of Philippines. He was well known for his generosity and agrarian reforms.