Noida Current Affairs - 2020

Samsung inaugurates world’s largest mobile phone factory in Noida

South Korean technology giant Samsung inaugurated the world’s largest mobile manufacturing unit in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. It was jointly inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and South Korean President Moon Jae-in.

Key Facts

Samsung Electronics facility at Sector 81 in Noida will help company to double its current manufacturing capacity for mobile phones in Noida from 6.8 crore units a year to 12 crore units a year (10 million phones in a month), in phase-wise expansion that will be completed by 2020.

The facility will allow Samsung to make phones at a lower cost due to its scale when other phone making hubs such as China are getting more expensive. 70% phones manufactured in this facility will be earmarked for domestic market in Indian and remaining 30% will be exported to Middle-Eastern and African nations.

The new factory has been built at investment of Rs. 4,915 crore on 35-acre land. It will generate 2,000 direct jobs. At present, Samsung provides 70,000 direct and indirect jobs in country, 5,000 of them are employed in Noida. Production in this new facility will range from low-end smartphones priced below $100 to company’s flagship models.


India is world’s second-largest smartphone market after China (after it overtook US). According to a study by Cisco Systems, there will be 780 million connected smartphones in 2021, compared with 359 million in 2016. This new facility is expected to help Samsung to consolidate its leadership position in Indian mobile market, which currently is facing strong competition in smartphone segment by Chinese players such as Xiaomi, Vivo, Oppo and others.

COP7 of WHO FCTC begins in Noida

The 7th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP7) to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) started in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

It is for the first time India is hosting COP meeting of FCTC. It is the world’s biggest convention on tobacco control policy in which 180 countries are participating.

It was inaugurated by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J.P Nadda and was attended by Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena.

What is WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC)?

  • The FCTC is the world’s first public health treaty under the World Health Organisation (WHO).
  • It provides a new legal dimension for international cooperation in healthcare in combating the tobacco epidemic.
  • It has successfully helped to co-ordinate and energize the global struggle against tobacco. It is considered as one of the most widely embraced treaties in the history of WHO and UN.
  • It is an evidence-based treaty that reaffirms the right of all people to the highest standard of health and was developed in response to globalization of tobacco epidemic.
  • Under it, the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products was adopted to address the increasing illegal trade in tobacco products in November 2012. Currently, it has 13 Parties and shall come in force 90 days after 40 Parties ratify it.

What is Conference of the Parties (COP)?

  • The COP is the FCTC’s governing body and is comprised of all 180 Parties. The regular sessions of COP are held at two yearly intervals.
  • It regularly reviews the implementation of the Convention and takes action to promote its effectiveness.

India’s challenges

  • Tobacco use kills around 6 million people a year globally and the cost to treat tobacco-related diseases is whopping $22 billion.
  • In case of India, there are nearly 275 million tobacco users and close to one million deaths every year due to its direct or indirect use.

Preventive steps taken

  • India is pushing for stricter control on smokeless tobacco. In India, implementation of 85% pictorial warnings on cigarette packets has been mandatory.
  • The new Juvenile Justice Act makes sale of tobacco products to minors punishable offence with 7 years of rigorous imprisonment.