Non-permanent members Current Affairs - 2020

India’s New representative of UN; India to become member of UNSC

The 1985 Indian Foreign Officer T S Trimurti is to succeed Syed Akbaruddin as the permanent representative of the United Nations. Mr Trimurti was serving as the Secretary to Economic relations. The appointment announcement was made by the External Affairs ministry.

Recently, announcement was made that India is to become a member of UNSC.

Permanent Representative to the UN

The permanent representative is the head of the diplomatic mission to an international organization. The organizations that have permanent representative include United Nations, NATO, World Trade Organization, African Union, European Union, Organization of Islamic Cooperation and Organization of American States.

India’s membership at UNSC

India has been striving hard to get a permanent membership at the United Nations Security Council. Currently, there are five permanent members namely US, France, UK, Russia and china.

Non-Permanent Member

India is to become a non-permanent member at the UNSC in 2021. Along with 5 permanent members, there are 10 non-permanent members at the UNSC. A non-permanent member holds term for two years. In order to become a non-permanent member, a country should gain confidence of at least two-thirds of the members.

Akbaruddin

Akbaruddin was a 1985 IFS officer. He had served twice in Saudi Arabia. He also served as a representative of India at the International atomic energy Agency. His works at the United Nations against terrorism, climate change and peace keeping were commendable.

5 countries elected as non-permanent members of UNSC

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) elected South Africa, Indonesia, Dominican Republic, Germany and Belgium as non-permanent members of UN Security Council (UNSC). They will have two-year term beginning January 1, 2019.

These five non-permanent members were elected according to the following pattern

  • Two seats for Group of African states and Group of Asia-Pacific states,
  • One for the Group of Latin American and Caribbean states
  • Two seats for Western European and other states.

UN Security Council (UNSC)

UNSC is most powerful and one of the six principal organs United Nations. Under UN Charter it has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 members, including five permanent ones with the power of veto. The five permanent members are China, France, Russia, UK and US. 10 non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms each. Its powers include establishment of peacekeeping operations, establishment of international sanctions, and authorization of military action through UNSC resolutions. It is only UN body with authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.

Functions of UNSC

UNSC is responsible for determining existence of threat against peace and to respond to act of aggression. It is also responsible for finding peaceful means to settle conflict or dispute between states. In some cases, it resorts to sanctions or even authorise use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. It also recommends to UNGA appointment of UN Secretary General and admission of new members to the UN.