North East Development Current Affairs - 2020

United Nations: India’s KHUDOL declared one of Top 10 Global Initiatives to fight COVID-19

On May 22, 2020, the United Nations listed the KHUDOL initiative of Manipur as one of the top 10 global initiatives to fight against COVID-19.

Highlights

KHUDOL is an initiative of a NGO called Ya_All. Under the initiative, the NGO provides food, hygiene and health of LGBTQ community, daily wage workers, people with AIDS.

The organization mobilized network of 100 volunteers. Through the volunteers the organization distributed 1000 health kits, 1500 condoms and 6500 sanitary pads.

Transgender measures of Manipur

Manipur has been creating inclusive safe space for the transgender community. The state has been taking extra care towards the transgenders as compared to other states. Separate rooms and toilets were established for the transgender community.

North East Region

When compared to other states, the north east region had been showing vast improvements in reducing the spread of COVID-19. This included Meghalaya, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Nagaland. Also, the GoI had successfully implemented the North East Model to contain the disease in the region.

North East Model: Minimized COVID-19 threats and a huge success

The North East Model of COVID-19 has been a huge success. The model in effect has helped declare five stated in the region COVID-19 free. This included Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Sikkim and Nagaland.

Highlights

Tripura had increased number of COVID-19 cases especially among CAPF (Central Armed Police Force). Assam, being the biggest state in the region has contained the disease in local clusters.

The Model

The North East Model was successful due to prompt responses from both Central and State Governments. They are as follows

  • The medicine and equipment were delivered through Air Cargo and also by the Indian Air Force as well
  • Number of testing facilities were increased
  • Essential supplies were made available through Public Distribution System under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana.

Though, these were the major reasons of success. There are other factors as well. They are as follows

  • There were no testing facilities in Sikkim and Nagaland while Assam had only 2 testing facilities. TrueNAT testing facility was begun in Sikkim. Trunat is a machine used to test tuberculosis. It was approved by ICMR to test COVID-19 cases in April 2020.

Red Army

Red Army was formed in the North East. The army consisted of wise old men and women that help villages and have great respect among the villagers. They were called gaon buras (male village elders) and gaon buris (female village elders). This helped reach the tribals easily that was the major contribution for the north eastern states to become COVID-19 free.

Lifeline Udan

The Lifeline Udan scheme was launched to provide essential commodities and medical cargo. The scheme supplied Personal Protective Equipment, gloves and masks.