North Eastern Council Current Affairs
The 67th plenary meeting of North Eastern Council (NEC) was recently held in Shillong, Meghalaya. It was chaired by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. The meeting was attended by Union Minister of Development of NER and Governors and Chief Ministers of the north-eastern States.
The meeting discussed development projects of Northeast States. It also reviewed various presentations on matters related to all-round development of NER. The status of NEC-funded projects was also discussed. It also deliberated on livelihood programmes, management of water resources, afforestation and doubling farmer’s income, by 2022, road connectivity, Implementation of Poshan Abhiyan and Ayushman Bharat etc. It also evaluated security and connectivity matters in the region. For the first time since it was established in 1971, NEC discussed topics related to security in the region. It also discussed issues related to Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) and proposed Naga accord.
North Eastern Council (NEC)
NEC is the nodal agency for economic and social development of North Eastern Region (NER) which consists of eight states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. It was constituted in 1971 under North Eastern Council (NEC) Act, 1971 (Thus NEC is statutory body). In June 2018, the chairmanship of NEC was transferred by Union Cabinet to Home Minister from Minister of Development of NER.
NEC servers as an apex level body for securing balanced and coordinated development and facilitating coordination with NER states. It has been mandated to function as regional planning body for NER. It gives priority to schemes and projects while formulating regional plan for this area benefiting two or more states.
The Union Cabinet has approved proposal of Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) for nomination of Union Home Minister as ex-officio Chairman of North Eastern Council (NEC). It also approved that Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of DoNER will serve as Vice Chairman of NEC.
NEC is statutory body with Governors and Chief Ministers of all eight North Eastern State as its members which implements various projects through State and Central agencies. The repositioning of NEC will help it to become more effective body for North Eastern Region (NER).
Under new arrangement with Home Minister as Chairman and Minister of DoNER as Vice Chairman will provide forum for discussing inter-state matters more comprehensively and also consider common approaches to be taken in future.
NEC now can perform tasks undertaken by various Zonal Councils to discuss such inter-State issues as smuggling of arms and ammunition, drug trafficking, boundary disputes etc.
NEC will also review from time to time implementation of the projects and schemes included in project. It will also recommend effective measures for coordination among state Governments for these projects etc. NEC will also have such powers as may be delegated to it by the Central Government.
NEC is statutory body established under North Eastern Council (NEC) Act, 1971 as an apex level body for securing balanced and coordinated development and facilitating coordination with states. It has been mandated to function as regional planning body for NER .It gives priority to schemes and projects while formulating regional plan for this area benefiting two or more states. In case of Sikkim, NEC formulates specific projects and schemes for that State.