North Korea Current Affairs - 2019
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The United State recently approved Anti-Ballistic Missile sales to South Korea and Japan. The sale is worth more than $600 million and comes in backdrop of mounting tensions with North Korea.
- Objective: to support national security and foreign policy objectives of United States (US) by assisting its key allies. This will not alter basic military balance in region and will give them capability to defend itself against a growing nuclear and missile threat from North Korea.
- Reason: Recently in May second week the North Korea reportedly tested two short-range missiles which is its second launch in less than a week. Earlier in April also North Korean leader Kim Jong Un supervised test-firing of a new type of “tactical guided weapon“. These tests come amid halted negotiations between the United States and North Korea, which US President Donald Trump promised would put an end to North’s missile tests.
- The US’s State Department approved sale of-
- 92 ‘Standard Missile-2’ (SM-2), which is world’s premier fleet-area air defense weapon and used by ships against air threats along with 12 missile guidance systems for a total cost of $313.9 million.
- 160 anti-air AMRAAM (Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile) missiles and related guidance equipment to Japan for $317 million.
US and North Korea
In February 2019 second summit between Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was held in Vietnam. It ended with a deadlock, when US side refused North Korea’s demands of easing sanctions until Pyongyang takes major steps to end its nuclear program.
Tags: Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile • AMRAAM • Anti-Ballistic Missile • Kim Jong-un • North Korea • North Korea Missile Test • SM-2 • Standard Missile-2 • Tactical Guided Weapon • US President Donald Trump • US-Japan • US-North Korea
After South Korea’s withdrawal from their bid to stage Asian Cup Football tournament bid China will now be hosting 2023 AFC Asian Cup. China was the sole other bidder and now has a free run to become hosts.
- Background: In 2017, The KFA announced Seoul’s bid to host the 24-nation AFC 2023 edition. It would have been after a gap of 63 years that South korea would have hosted the most prestigious football tournament in Asia. It hosted AFC for the first time in 1960.
- About: South korea’s withdrawal from Asian Cup means that on 4 June 2019 China should be confirmed by Asian Football Confederation as new host of the Asian nations championship finals. Previously, Indonesia and Thailand had expressed interest in hosting AFC 2023 event, but then dropped their bids.
- Earlier: This is the second time China will be hosting the event. It was in 2004 when China staged the tournament lost with 3-1 to Japan in Beijing final.
- Reason: As per the Korea Football Association (KFA) it pulled out of hosting tournament so as to ‘strategically focus’ on a joint bid with North Korea to host Women’s World Cup which will also be held in 2023.
About Women’s World Cup 2023
- Background: The KFA announced the joint bid with North Korea in March 2019.
- For the Women’s World Cup 2023 the South Korean government and Fifa (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) will provide active support so that joint hosting by South and North Koreas can be materialized.
- But after recent North Korea-US nuclear talks deadlocked, the diplomatic contacts between Pyongyang (North Korea Capital) and Seoul (South Korea Capital) have been dwindling.
- The AFC 2019 tournament was 17th edition of AFC Cup was held from 5 January to 1 February 2019.
- It was hosted by United Arab Emirates (UAE). The number of participant team was expanded to 24 nations for the first time from the earlier 16-team format. Qatar won the final with 3-1 against Japan.
Tags: 2019 AFC Cup • AFC • AFC 2019 Tournament • Asian Cup Football 2023 • FIFA • KFA • Korea Football Association • North Korea • North Korea-US Nuclear Talks • United Arab Emirates • Women’s World Cup 2023