North Korea-South Korea Current Affairs - 2020

China objects the presence of US THAAD missile in South Korea

THAAD is Terminal High Altitude Area Defense. It is a transportable and ground-based missile defense system.

What is the issue?

China believes that US is exerting its influence over South Korea and Japan. This may interfere China’s long term diplomatic, military and economic interests in the region. China has been reiterating its long-standing objections about the presence of US THAAD missile defence system in South Korea.

South Korea-China

US announced that THAAD missile system operated in the South Korean soil is a counter measure against attacks by North Korea. In 2017, the tensions in the region escalated when North Korea test fired its missiles in the direction of US bases in Japan.

About THAAD

The THAAD is an anti-ballistic missile system. It was developed after the US experiences in the Gulf War, 1991. THAAD has been deployed in Israel, UAE, Romania and South Korea. THAAD is capable of destroying missiles by colliding with them. It uses Kinetic Kill Technology to achieve this.

Russia awards North Korean Leader Kim Jong Un a commemorative war medal

On May 5, 2020, the Russian President Vladimir Putin awarded the North Korean leader a commemorative war medal. The medal has been awarded to mark the 75th anniversary of victory over Nazi

Highlights

The award was received by North Korean Foreign Minister Ri-Son-Gwon on behalf of Kim. Kim was awarded with the medal for preserving the memory of soviet soldiers that died during World War II in the North Korean territory.

Russia-North Korea

In 1948, diplomatic relations were established between Soviet Union and North Korea. During Korean War, the Soviet military forces supported Korean People’s Army. North Korea was established as communist bloc gaining maximum support from Russia.

Russia and North Korea share a border along the lower Tumen river.

History of North Korea

The beginning of history of North Korea dates to the end of World War II. After the Japanese surrendered, Soviet Union and USA agreed to split Korea as North Korea and South Korea. The North Korea aligned with Soviet and formed Democratic People’s republic of Korea. The South Korea aligned with western allies and formed Republic of Korea.

Irritants between the countries

Though the trade relations and military relations between Russia and North Korea is on the good will, Russia has been lately condemning Nuclear aspirations of North Korea. In 2016, following nuclear tests of North Korea, Russia supported decisions of United Nations Security council.