Northeast India Current Affairs

2 new ginger species discovered in northeast

Botanical Survey of India (BSI) scientists have discovered two new species of ginger named Hedychium chingmeianum and Caulokaempferia dinabandhuensis in easternmost districts of northeast India. Both the plants belong to the family of Zingiberaceae, to which the commonly found ginger (Zingiber officinale) belongs.

Key Facts

Hedychium chingmeianum: It was discovered in Tuensang district in Nagaland, both bordering Myanmar. It is an epiphytic plant and grows on trunks of tall trees. It has reddish stems and creamy white flowers.

Caulokaempferia dinabandhuensis: It was found growing in rock crevices, boulders and humus rich soil in the Shirui Hills in Ukhrul in Manipur. It has beautiful oval-shaped pink flowers which appear in June-July. It has been named after Mr. Dinabandhu Sahoo.

Significance

Out of 44 taxa, 31 species and 13 varieties of genus Hedychium found in India, only 5 are reported in south India. The remaining species are all found in northeast. Most of the species under this genus have medicinal properties. However, it is yet to be ascertained whether the newly discovered species Hedychium chingmeianum has medicinal properties or not.

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IWAI and IPGPL ink MoU on Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project

The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) and India Ports Global Private Limited (IPGPL) have signed a MoU for implementation of additional works on the Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project (KMTTP) in Myanmar.

As part of the MoU, both signatory parties will be implementing three additional works on the KMTTP at the estimated to cost 476 crore rupees. These three projects are

  • Container handling facilities at Paletwa and Sittwe.
  • Operation and Maintenance (OM) of the completed works.
  • Removing wrecks in Sittwe Port basin area.

Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project (KMTTP)

  • The KMTTP in Myanmar was conceptualized and is being administered by the Union Ministry of External Affairs (MEA).
  • The ambitious project seeks to facilitate connectivity between the mainland India and the landlocked North Eastern States through maritime shipping, inland waterways and roads of Myanmar.
  • The link between landlocked north eastern states and Myanmar will pave the way for (i) enhanced trade and commerce across the border. (ii) Enable cultural and social integration at the regional level.
  • The MEA had appointed IWAI as the Project Development Consultant (PDC) for the implementation of the Port and Inland Water Transport (IWT) component of the KMTTP.

India Ports Global Private Limited (IPGPL)

The IPGPL has been established as a Joint Venture between Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust and Kandla Port Trust for the purpose of development of ports overseas.

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