NPAs Current Affairs

Credit Rating Model: Government testing big data system to aid banks assess credit risks

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) is testing credit rating model, a new system that will assist banks in assessing credit risk and probability of fraud using big data analysis. The system is expected to help banks, particularly rural and cooperative banks, tackle the issue of rising nonperforming assets (NPAs). Currently, rural and cooperative banks depend on judgement of bank manager, resulting in high NPAs and frauds. A credit rating model can assist banks to quantify risks under the big data context.

Key Facts

The MeitY sponsored project includes Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Bangalore-based IT firm Processware System and two cooperative banks as partners. The project is aimed at helping banks quantify risks associated with retail loans such as personal loans, gold loans and vehicle loans.

Under this project, a statistical and machine learning algorithmic model has been developed to predict probability of default with aim to reduce NPAs. It will also help in predicting different types of frauds in banking sector based on RBI guidelines. Besides, a web-enabled software is also being tested to assist banks to easily adopt models for credit rating, NPAs and fraud. Validation of these models has been done using data from several banks.

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Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India inks MoU with RBI

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for increased cooperation in effective implementation of insolvency law. The MoU was singed at time when authorities are working on ways to address huge amount of non-performing assets (NPAs) in banking sector.

Key Facts

The MoU provides for sharing of information, subject to limitations imposed by applicable laws and sharing of resources available with each other to extent feasible and legally permissible. It calls for periodic meetings to discuss matters of mutual interest, including regulatory requirements that impact IBBI and RBI’s responsibilities, enforcement cases, research and data analysis, information technology and data sharing.

It also provides for cross-training of staff in order to enhance each party’s understanding of other’s mission for effective utilisation of collective resources. It will help in capacity building of insolvency professionals and financial creditors. It calls for joint efforts between IBBI and RBI for enhancing level of awareness among financial creditors about importance and necessity of swift insolvency resolution process of various types of borrowers in distress under provisions of Insolvency Code, etc.

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (Code)

The Code provides for reorganisation and time -bound and market-determine insolvency resolution of corporate persons, partnership firms and individuals for maximization of value of assets. The IBBI exercises regulatory oversight over Insolvency Professionals, Insolvency Professional Agencies and Information Utilities. It frames and enforces rules for processes such as corporate insolvency resolution, individual insolvency resolution, corporate liquidation and individual bankruptcy under Code.

Background

Both RBI and IBBI are interested in effective implementation of Code and its allied rules and regulations, through quick and efficient resolution process. Therefore, they agreed to sign MoU to assist and co-operate with each other for effective implementation of Code.

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