NRC Assam Current Affairs - 2020

Resolution against CAA in European Parliament; India’s Measures

On January 29, 2020, the European Parliament is set to discuss the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA).

Highlights

Though the resolution made by the parliament do not affect the decision of the European Council or commission, it might impinge the bilateral relations between India and European Union. PM Modi is to visit Brussels in March 2020 to attend India-EU summit and the External Affairs Minister is scheduled to visit in mid-February.

Six Resolutions

Around six resolutions are to be taken up for discussion in the EU Parliament. It includes

  • Implementation of NRC in Assam and the security lock down in Jammu and Kashmir
  • Resolution moved by the S&D Group is one of largest resolution with 154 members supporting it. According to the resolution, the CAA has the potential to create largest statelessness crisis in the world. S&D group is the Socialist and Democratic Group
  • The resolution by EPP Group with 182 members supporting it says that the law could have negative international image for India. The EPP Group is the European People’s Party Group.

India’s Measures

The Lok Sabha Speaker has written to the European Parliament requesting the EU parliament to respect sovereign processes of fellow legislatures.

Also, India believes that CAA is an internal matter and is not yet settled within India. There are more than 20 pending cases on CAA in the Supreme Court.

However, there has not been any official response towards EU’s move from the Ministry of External Affairs.

Supreme Court on CAA

The Supreme Court on January 22, 2020 pronounced its decision on CAA without hearing the case. The apex court has given 4 weeks for the centre to respond to the petitions that challenged CAA.

India-EU relations

The European Union is India’s largest trading partner. The European Union account to 92 billion Euros (2018-19) of trade. It accounts to 18% of Indian Exports

Vijay Diwas celebrated across India

On December 16, 2019, India commemorated its victory over Pakistan in the war of 1971. India fought against Pakistan helping Bangladesh obtain its freedom and won the war. On the very same day, Bangladesh celebrates its independence.

Highlights

In order to commemorate India’s victory and to pay tribute to the soldiers who fought in the war, the three army chiefs reached war memorial in Delhi. They paid tribute to the brave soldiers who lost their lives in the war. PM Modi and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and other senior leaders paid tribute to the soldiers as well. It was on this day, Pakistan army surrendered with 93,000 soldiers.

1971 war

India and Pakistan confronted each other with their military forces over freedom of Bangladesh for 13 days between 3rd December, 1971 and 16 December, 1971. The armies clashed with one another in the eastern and western fronts. The war ended on December 16, 1971 after the armies signed Instrument of Surrender, announcing Bangladesh a new nation.

NRC and the war

Government of India seals the date of NRC of Assam as 24th March, 1971. This is because, the war officially started on this particular date. On 24 March, 1971, Pakistan Army opened fired in Rangpur, Chittagong and Syedpur, killing more than 1000 people. After this the surge of immigrants from Bangladesh into Assam and other near by states increased. Therefore, the date of NRC is sealed to 24 March, 1971.