NSE Current Affairs - 2019
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National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) and London Stock Exchange (LSE) have signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to collaborate on creating dual listing route for masala bonds and foreign currency bonds of Indian issuers. Through approval of single listing document, issuer can obtain dual listing on LSE’s International Securities Market and NSE’s GIFT City. It will serve as potential precursor of further joint listings in future that could see foreign currency bonds in India also being able to list in London.
Masala bonds are rupee-denominated bonds through which Indian entities can raise money from foreign markets in rupee and not in foreign currency. Basically, it is debt instruments used by corporates to raise money from foreign investors in local currency.
The issuance of rupee denominated bonds transfers risk associated with currency fluctuations to investors and not to the issuers. This is especially during depreciation of domestic currency and when borrowing is in foreign currency as company has to pay more while repaying its debt, or while servicing interest on such borrowings if the rupee weakened.
From the issuer’s perspective, masala bonds provides cheaper borrowings compared to raising funds in India besides helps in diversifying its sources of fund-raising. Besides, it also helps in internationalization of the rupee and in expansion of Indian bond markets. Its issuance in long term can help to check slide of rupee and also reduce current account deficit over time.
Significance of dual listing of masala bonds
It will extend access to wider base of global investors as well as domestic and regional investors registered on NSE’s International Exchange and NSE IFSC Limited in Gujarat International Finance Tech City. It will also enhance visibility, increase liquidity in secondary marketsand enhance efficiency of price discovery for masala bond issuers. It will also reduce cost of raising capital for all issuers and encourage participation of wider variety of issuers in masala bond market.
The capital markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has allowed India’s top two stock exchanges BSE Ltd and National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (NSE) to launch commodity derivatives trading from 1 October, 2018. This approval is part of SEBI’s December 2017 announcement of having unified exchange regime wherein stock exchanges will be allowed to offer trading in commodities derivatives. By unified exchange regime stock exchanges need not to set up different entities to offer commodity trading.
With this approval, BSE will begin trading in commodity derivatives with non-agriculture commodities like metals initially, followed by agri-commodities subsequently. NSE will launch its commodity derivatives segment trading in non-agriculture commodities in initial phase, followed by agriculture commodities, subject to SEBI approval.
Universal exchanges will help in achieving integration of trading in commodity derivatives market with other segments of securities market at exchange level. It will help in providing efficient price discovery, reduction in timelines, cost effective, user-friendly, robust risk management system and wider market penetration. It will help in creating deeper markets with lower spreads and exchange by enhancing competition across all categories of trading. It will offer greater convenience as traders will be able to trade all asset categories from single account. It may also lead to consolidation of cross-holding norms as mergers between exchanges of different categories appear attractive. In longterm, Indian exchanges will find it easier to compete with their global counterparts and they are present in multiple segments.
Equity exchange: It is market in which shares are issued and traded, mostly through exchanges. It is also known as stock market. It gives companies access to capital and investors slice of ownership in company with potential to realize gains based on its future performance. Stock or securities traded in the equity market can be either public stocks, which are those listed on stock exchange or privately traded stocks. In India, NSE and the BSE offer equity and equity derivatives.
Commodity exchange: It is market is mostly related to food, metals or energy derivatives that are important part of everyday life. Types of commodities in this market includes metals like gold, silver, etc., energy like crude oil, natural gas etc. This trading traditionally move in opposition to stocks, so they are used as significant way to diversify portfolio beyond traditional securities. In India, MCX and NCDEX specialise in commodity derivatives.
Universal exchanges: In this market, any exchanges i.e. can capital market or commodity exchange can offer each products in equity, commodity derivatives, and debt and currency segments. By this stock exchanges need not to set up different entities to offer commodity trading and vice versa.