Nuclear Missiles Current Affairs - 2020

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Prithvi-2 missile successfully test fired

India successfully test-fired two rounds of its indigenously developed nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile at night as part of a user trial by Indian Army. These test were conducted from a mobile launcher from Launch Complex-3 of Chandipur Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Balasore district of Odisha. These were second night trials of Prithvi-II missile.

About Prithvi-2 missile

It is surface-to-surface tactical missile with a strike range of 350 km. It is India’s first missile indigenously developed by DRDO under prestigious Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP). It is capable of carrying 500 to 1,000 kg of warheads, both conventional as well as nuclear.

The state-of-the-art missile is powered by liquid propulsion twin engines.  It uses an advanced inertial guidance system with maneuvering orbit to hit its target. It was inducted into armour of the defence forces in 2003.

Previous Night Trials: The first night testfire of Prithvi-2 was conducted successfully from the ITR on February 21, 2018.

India completes Agni II test fire successfully

India on November 11, 2019, conducted its first night trial of AGNI II missile successfully. It is the first night trial being tested by the country. The nuclear capable missile was tested at the Abdul Kalam Island of Odisha Coast.

Highlights

  • The missile was developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization)
  • The surface-to-surface medium range nuclear capable missile was tested by the Strategic Forces of the Indian Army.
  • The missile is capable of striking range of 2,000 km. It can carry payload of 1,000 kg and launch a weight of 17 tonnes. It is 20 meters long and is a two-stage missile.
  • It is an IRBM (Integrated Range Ballistic Missile) and has already been inducted into the armed forces

AGNI Missile

Agni II missile is a part of series of Agni missile with a range of 2,000 km. The range of Agni I is 700 km, Agni III is 3,000 km. The ranges of Agni IV and Agni V are longer

The first test firing of Agni II missile was done in 1999. In 2010, the first test fire of nuclear capable Agni II ballistic missile was conducted successfully.