Nuclear Power Current Affairs - 2020

Union Government announces Rs 1500 crore Indian Nuclear Insurance Pool

Union Government has launched an Indian Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP) of 1,500 crore rupees as per the mandatory provision under the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act (CLND), 2010.

It was announced by Minister of State (MoS) in the Department of Atomic Energy Jitendra Singh in New Delhi.

With this launch, INIP became 27th nuclear insurance pool in the world that manages nuclear liabilities. India also has joined an exclusive list of countries having nuclear pools.

The pool will address third party liability insurance in a bid to offset financial burden of foreign nuclear suppliers under the CLNDA, 2010.

The pool is set up by General Insurance Corporation (GIC) of India and 11 other non-life insurers. They are New India, Oriental Insurance, National Insurance and United India Insurance from the public sector apart from private insurance companies.

Why the INIP is formed?

A clause in the CLND Act empowers the operator the Right to Recourse and allows it to sue the suppliers in case of any accident. This was seen as a major hindrance to the growth of the nuclear industry. These concerns led to the formation of the nuclear insurance pool.

Implications of INIP

  • To deal with management of cover to both operators and suppliers on behalf of all direct insurance companies participating in the pool.
  • INIP will offer policies on the nuclear operators liability insurance policy and a nuclear suppliers’ special contingency (against right to recourse) insurance policy.
  • Address third-party liability insurance and later expand into property and other hot zone i.e. inside reactor areas risk. It should be noted that at present it only covers cold zones (outside reactor areas).
  • Provide the risk transfer mechanism to the operators and suppliers to meet their obligations under the CLND Act.

India ranks 13th in generating electricity from nuclear source

India ranks at 13th position in the world in terms of generation electricity from nuclear source.

This information was given by Minister of State (MoS) Dr Jitendra Singh in written reply in the Rajya Sabha to an unstarred question.

As per the written reply

  • The ranking was based upon the data published by Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 2014.
  • India’s current installed nuclear power capacity is 5780 MW. It is expected to increase to 10080 MW by 2019 on progressive completion of projects.
  • Union Government also has accorded sanction for two more projects with a total capacity of 3400 MW.
  • In future more nuclear power projects based both on indigenous technologies and with international cooperation are planned.
  • The total requirement of nuclear fuel i.e. natural uranium is over 5 five years is estimated to be around 5,940 tons.

It should be noted that India ranks 13th among the thirty one countries in the world which are generating electricity from nuclear source.