Observances Current Affairs - 2019
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75th anniversary of establishment of Azad Hind government observed October 21, 2018. On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi hoisted National flag and unveiled plaque at the Red Fort, Delhi.
Azad Hind Government
Azad Hind Government was founded in Singapore on October 21, 1943. It was India’s first independent government established by Indian nationalists-in-exile during latter part of WWII in Singapore with monetary, military and political assistance from Imperial Japan.
It was a part of political freedom movement originating in 1940s outside India with purpose of allying with Axis powers during Second World War (WWII) to free India from British Rule. It was inspired by ideas of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who was leader of Azad Hind Government and also Head of State of this Government-in-exile.
This government has recognized the countries such as Germany, Japan, Philippines, Korea, China, Italy and Ireland. Japan provided the Andaman and Nicobar islands to this temporary government, later these islands were renamed Shaheed Island (Andaman) and Swaraj Island (Nicobar).
It was also having its armed force Azad Hind Fauj or the Indian National Army (INA), whose purpose was to free India from British control. Subhash Chandra Bose was the supreme commander of this army. Ras Bihari Bose had played important role in its establishment. This force had played crucial role in bequeathing a much needed impetus to India’s struggle for Independence.
It had proclaimed authority over Indian civilian and military personnel in Southeast Asian British colonial territory and prospective authority over Indian territory to fall to Japanese forces and INA during Japanese thrust towards India during WWII. This government had its own currency, court and civil code.
Japan provided Andaman and Nicobar islands to this temporary government, later these islands were renamed Shaheed Island (Andaman) and Swaraj Island (Nicobar). Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose gave a famous slogan Delhi Chalo (Come to Delhi) after formation of this government. Azad Hind Fauj along with this slogan reached India on March 21, 1944. Ram Singh Thakur was composed by the inspirational song “Kadam Chacha Ho Jaay” of Azad Hind Fauj.
The International Day of Rural Women is observed every year on October 15 to recognize the crucial role and contribution of rural women. The 2018 theme of the day was “Sustainable infrastructure, services and social protection for gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls”.
The observance of day highlights role and contribution of rural women, including indigenous women in enhancing rural and agricultural development, eradicating rural poverty and improving food security and ensuring sustainability of rural households and communities, improving rural livelihoods and overall wellbeing.
The International Day of Rural Women was instituted by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 62/136 in December 2007. It was first observed on15 October 2008. According to UN, empowerment of rural women is pre-requisite for fulfilling vision of the Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) which aims at ending poverty and hunger, achieve food security and empower all women and girls.
Rural women, make up over a quarter of the total world population. Majority of them depend on natural resources and agriculture for their livelihood. They produce, prepare and process much of the food available, thereby giving them primary responsibility for food security. Thus, International Day of Rural Women recognises contribution and significant role played by these rural women in food security and poverty elevation.