Observances Current Affairs - 2019

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World Rabies Day: September 28

The World Rabies Day is observed every year on 28 September across the world to raise awareness about rabies disease and its preventable measures. The 2018 theme was ‘Rabies: Share the message. Save a life’. Observance of the day seeks to raise awareness about the impact of rabies on animals and human beings. It also seeks to share information on how to prevent disease and highlight progress in defeating this horrifying disease.

Background

World Rabies Day is initiative of Global Alliance for Rabies Control. It was initiated in 2007 to create global opportunity for people to focus on rabies prevention. The day is annually on 28 September to mark death anniversary of Louis Pasteur, a French chemist and microbiologist who had developed the first rabies vaccine along with his colleagues.

Rabies

Rabies is viral disease that causes inflammation of brain (acute encephalitis) in warm-blooded animals. It is zoonotic disease i.e. transmitted from one species to another, commonly by bite or scratch from infected animal such as dogs to humans. The rabies virus infects central nervous system (CNS) and ultimately causes disease in brain and death. Domestic dogs are most common reservoir of rabies virus. Dog-mediated rabies accounts for more than 95% of human deaths. Its symptoms include neurological problems and a fear of light and water. Vaccination of pets helps to prevent and control rabies.

Month: Categories: International

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National Nutrition Month being celebrated to mark fight against malnutrition

The National Nutrition Month (Rashtriya Poshan Maah) is being celebrated across the country in September 2018 to mark fight against malnutrition. Union Ministry of Women and Child Development are spearheading various programmes during this month to spread broad awareness on issues related to malnutrition like stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia and low birth weight in children.

Key Facts

The National Nutrition Month will also focus on adolescent girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers to eliminate the deficiencies prevailing in the Health sector. Ministry of Women and Child Development is working on eight focused themes like optimal breast feeding, growth monitoring, food fortification and girls’ education, hygiene and sanitation, diet and marriage at right age etc. to achieve improvement in nutritional status of children, adolescent girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers. It is also trying to reach about 11 crore women and children during this month through various grass-root activities, with the convergence of different ministries.

Background

The decision to celebrate September as the National Nutrition Month every year was taken during the second meeting of National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges under Poshan Abhiyaan (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition) held in July 2018. POSHAN Abhiyaan- the National Nutrition Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in March 2018 in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan with aim to bring down stunting of children in age group of 0-6 years from 38% to 25% by 2022.

Month: Categories: Environment & Biodiversity

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