Odisha Current Affairs - 2019
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India’s only orangutan named Binny died at the age of 41 in Nandankanan Zoological Park in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
- About: The Nandankanan Zoological Park (NZP) has lost one of its beloved members the 41-year-old orangutan ‘Bini’, an extant species of great apes.
- Background: The lone female orangutan Binny, was brought to Nandankanan Zoo from Pune’s Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park on 20 November 2003, when she was 25 years old. Since her arrival she has been alone in her zoo enclosure and zoo officials failed to arrange a male partner for her.
- Reason: According to NZP, ‘Binny’ died due to age-related complications. He also suffered from respiratory tract infection. Tissue samples were collected and postmortem is scheduled, for further investigation to correlate exact cause of death.
- Care: She was taken out of the enclosure a year ago. The orangutan was under treatment for a year by experts from College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, OUAT. Even the orangutan’s experts from United Kingdom (UK) and Singapore were also giving constant advice.
- The word “orangutan” actually means “person of forest”.
- They are one of the world’s three extant species of great apes.
- Orangutans are native to Indonesia and Malaysia and are currently found only in rain forests of Borneo and Sumatra.
- They are considered to be among most intelligent primates. An orangutan can live up to 45 years in the wild and even more in zoos.
- They have been extensively studied by researchers for their learning abilities.
- They use a variety of sophisticated tools and even construct elaborate sleeping nests from branches and foliage.
Tags: Bhubaneswar • Binny India's Orangutan • College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry • Extant Species of Great Apes. • Indonesia • Malaysia • Nandankanan Zoological Park • Odisha • Orangutans • Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park
India’s first indigenously designed and developed long-range sub-sonic cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’ from a test range Chandipur, Odisha.
- Nirbhay missile has blended missile and aeronautical technologies which allows it to take off vertically like missile and cruise horizontally like an aircraft.
- The missile has a two-stage missile powered by solid rocket motor booster developed by Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL).
- Nirbhay Missile has an operational range of 1000 km and can carry warheads of up to 300 kg including nuclear warheads.
- It can be launched from various kind of platforms.
- It can travel with a turbofan or turbojet engine and is guided by a highly advanced inertial navigation system.
- It has the capability to loiter and cruise at 0.7 Mach, at altitudes as low as 100m.
- It is terrain hugging missile which keeps on encircling the area of its target for several minutes and then hits bull’s eye’ on an opportune time.
- It is difficult to detect by enemy’s radars. It is capable to engage several targets in a single flight.
- The guidance, control and navigation system of missile is configured around indigenously designed Ring Laser Gyroscope (RLG) and MEMS-based Inertial Navigation System (INS) along with GPS system.
It was the sixth experimental test of Nirbhay missile system and it achieved all mission objectives right from lift-off till the final splash, boosting the confidence of all scientists associated with the trial.