Odisha [OPSC] Current Affairs - 2020

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Odisha imposes fishing ban to protect nests of endagered Olive Ridley sea turtles

Screenshot_1The Odisha Government has imposed a seven-month fishing ban within 20 km from the river mouths of Dhamara, Devi and Rusikulya in Gamjam district for safeguard nests of endangered Olive Ridley sea turtles.

The ban prohibits motor boats, trawlers and mechanised fishing boats in the region.

The ban on the 20 km span of the Dhamra-Rushikulya river mouth has been imposed in accordance with Sections 2, 7 and 4 of the Orissa Marine Fishing Regulation Act, 1982.

As per Fisheries Department, prohibitory orders are being enforced every year to ensure the safety of turtles. However, the fishermen are unhappy over the ban as the ban is affecting their livelihood.

Olive Ridley Turtles:
  • Scientific name: Lepidochelys olivacea 
  • Also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle
  • Found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
  • Global population of annual nesting females of these turtles reduced to 852,550 by 2008.
  • Considered endangered because of their few remaining nesting sites in the world.
  • Largest breeding ground for these turtles: The Gahirmatha Beach in Kendrapara district of Odisha (India), now a part of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary .
  • Bhitarkanika Mangroves designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002.
  • World’s largest known rookery of Olive Ridley sea turtles.
  • Two other mass nesting beaches on the mouth of rivers Rushikulya and Devi.

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Prithvi-II missile test fired successfully from Odisha

India successfully test-fired its indigenously built nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile with a strike range of 350km from a test range at Chandipur, Odisha. The missile was randomly chosen from the production stock and the total launch activities were carried out by the specially formed Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and monitored by the scientists of DRDO as part of a practice drill.

About Prithvi-II Missile
  • Indigenously developed by DRDO as the first missile to be developed under India’s prestigious IGMDP (Integrated Guided Missile Development Program)
  • Nuclear capable
  • 350 km strike range
  • Can carry 500kg to 1000kg of warheads
  • Liquid propulsion twine engines
  • Advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvering trajectory
  • Inducted into India’s Strategic Forces Command in 2003

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