Odisha Current Affairs - 2020

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Odisha Government launches Green Mahanadi Mission

Odisha Government has launched ‘Green Mahanadi Mission’, a plantation drive under which 2 crore saplings will be planted along Mahanadi river and its tributaries. It was launched by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Paitnaik.

Green Mahanadi Mission

The main objective of the mission is to stop soil erosion on river banks and recharge the groundwater reserve. It also aims to protect the Mahanadi River and keep it alive. Under this mission, more than 5 crore saplings will be planted over an area of 41,000 hectares along the banks of Mahanadi river and its tributaries Ib and Tel rivers. It will be implemented jointly by  States Departments of Forest, Horticulture and Watershed Development. Mainly fruit-bearing trees like mango, jackfruit and jamun will be planted within one km radius of the river bank.

Mahanadi

Mahanadi is major river in East Central India. It drains an area of around 141,600 square kilometres and has total course of 858 kilometres. It flows through Chhattisgarh and Odisha. It originates from highlands of Chhattisgarh through collection of array of streams and reaches Bay of Bengal. It left bank tributaries are Shivnath, Mand, Ib, Hasdeo and right bank are Ong, parry river, Jonk, Telen.  Mahanadi valley is known for its fertile soil and flourishing agriculture. Hirakud Dam across the river is longest major earthen dam in India.

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First-ever tribal atlas of Odisha released

Odisha Government has unveiled first-ever ‘Tribal Atlas of Odisha’, a compilation of demographic and cultural information of the tribal population in the state. It is claimed to be first-of-its-kind tribal compilation in the country. The book was published by SC and ST Research and Training Institute in collaboration with Academy of Tribal Language and Culture (ATLC).

Tribal Atlas of Odisha

The compendium gives comprehensive and valuable information on tribal regions in state and key demographic indicators like literacy, sex ratio and education. It also showcases tribal art, culture, dialects and much more in about 60 map formats and other visuals. The book displays salient features about tribal population of Odisha with series of specialized maps, charts and diagrams. It also has corresponding graphs and diagrams portraying distributional aspects of tribal population, tribal habitats, ecological setting, their socio-cultural attributes such as linguistic, dialectical affinity, sex composition, literacy and economic aspects of communities living across the state.

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As per Census 2011, Odisha has second highest tribal population in the country after Madhya Pradesh. The state’s tribal population is primarily found in Mayurbhanj, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Rayagada, Kandhamal, Koraput, Keonjhar and Gajapati districts.

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