Odisha Current Affairs - 2019
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Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) for Africa and Asia has termed ‘Titli’, the severe cyclonic storm that devastated Odisha in October 2018 as ‘rarest cyclone’. Earlier, India Meteorological Department (IMD) had called formation of Titli as ‘rarest of rare’ occurrence after this severe cyclone had changed its path after making landfall.
According to RIMES, Titli cyclone is rarest of rare in more than 200 years of cyclone track history in Odisha coast and also elsewhere. Its rare features were in terms of its characteristics such as recurvature after landfall, retaining its destructive potential after landfall and recurvature away from coastal areas for more than two days. Due to its rare features, forecast information lacked actionable early warning information such as no indication of occurrence of secondary hazards, including landslides far away from the coasts especially in interior districts of Odisha. Due to this, Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA) had faced challenges in anticipating and managing Titli’s impact due to lack of impact-based actionable early warning information and prior experience. By learning lessons from Titli cyclone, measures can be evolved to minimise impacts in both coastal and non-coastal regions more effectively in future.
RIMES has recommended that detailed risk assessment has to be carried out for Odisha to understand the risks in light of the Titli devastation. At present, State government actions linked to cyclone-risk management are heavily focused on coastal areas where cyclones cross at their peak intensities. Therefore, coastal areas now have been largely well managed through evacuations and other protocols, leading to zero casualties in these areas.
Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES)
It is intergovernmental body registered under United Nations. It is owned and managed by 45 collaborating countries in Asia Pacific and Africa Region. India is chairman of the body. It was established in 2009 and was registered with UN in July 2009. It operates from its regional early warning centre located at campus of Asian Institute of Technology in Pathumthani, Thailand. It has evolved from efforts of countries in Africa and Asia in aftermath of 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
It seeks to establish regional early warning system within multi-hazard framework for generation and communication of early warning information and capacity building for preparedness and response to trans-boundary hazards. It provides information related to Tsunami and extreme weather conditions. It also acts as a test bed for emerging technologies and help to enhance performance.
Tags: Cyclone • Cyclones • Disaster Management • Environment • Fluid dynamics • Meteorology • North Indian Ocean cyclone season • Odisha • Physical geography • Rarest of Rare • RIMES • Titli cyclone • Vortices • Weather hazards
Odisha Government launched Aerospace and Defence Manufacturing Policy 2018. The policy is aimed to carry forward process of industrialization through promotion of aerospace and defence manufacturing enterprises, generate employment opportunities and promote value addition.
Key Features of Polity
It proposes to extend subsidy upto 50% of cost of land, building, plant and machinery to special purpose vehicle (SPV) for setting up first state-of-the-art Aerospace and Defence Park in the state. This is to attract investment in aerospace and defence manufacturing in the State, the policy
It sets ceiling of Rs. 50 crore for Common Facility Centre, Rs. 30 crore for Technology Innovation Centre and Rs. 25 crore for Testing Centre to be established with private participation. It also provides capital grants of 50% of infrastructure cost limited to Rs. 10 crore for subsequent aerospace and defence parks.
It also extends capital subsidy of Rs. 100 crore for first three OEMs (original equipment manufacturer) for setting up manufacturing facilities in the state with investment of at least Rs. 1000 crore and generating 1000 domiciled employment.
In addition, it allows interest subsidy allowed up to a limit of Rs. 10 Crore per annum and Rs. 5 crore per annum for first three OEMs setting up manufacturing units in the state based on investment in plant and machinery for amount of more than Rs. 500 Crore and between Rs. 100 crore to Rs.500 crore, respectively.
This provision is designed to attract key players to set up units in the state. This will provide impetus for further development of ancillary and downstream units in the state. Enterprises will come up in industrially backward districts namely Kandhamal, Gajapati and Mayurbhanj along with KBK districts will be extended additional incentives.