Odisha [OPSC] Current Affairs - 2020

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Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation, KALIA

Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA) is a support scheme of Odisha whose primary targets are small farmers, cultivators and landless agricultural labourers. The scheme involves payments to encourage cultivation and associated activities.

Features of the Scheme

The important features of the scheme are:

  • Under the Scheme, Odisha would spend Rs 10,180 crore over three years until 2020-21 in providing financial assistance to cultivators and landless agricultural labourers benefitting  92% of the cultivators in the state and including every category from big farmers to landless cultivators.
  • The government would provide Rs 10,000 per family as assistance for cultivation, Rs 5,000 each in the Kharif and Rabi seasons, for five cropping seasons between 2018-19 and 2021-22.
  • The financial assistance under the scheme is not linked to the quantum of land owned.
  • The scheme also targets landless households, specifically SC and ST families; They will be supported with a unit cost of Rs 12,500 for activities like goat rearing, mushroom cultivation, beekeeping, poultry farming and fishery.
  • The Scheme also provides a life insurance cover of Rs 2 lakh and additional personal accident coverage of the same amount for 57 lakh households.
  • The Scheme also proposes interest-free crop loans up to Rs 50,000.

The scheme is proposed as an alternative to the demand of farm loan waiver. The scheme strives to target rural activities as a whole by supporting farming on a small scale, sharecropping, fishing and animal herding which doesn’t get covered under loan waiver schemes.

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Ama Ghare LED scheme of Odisha

The government of Odisha has launched the scheme Ama Ghare LED to provide LED bulbs at free of cost to about 95 lakh families in the state.

Features of the Scheme

The features of the Ama Ghare LED are:

  • The beneficiaries of the scheme are those who have registered under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) and the State Food Security Scheme (SFSC).
  • The implementing agency for the scheme is Odisha Power Transmission Corporation Ltd (OPTCL).
  • The LED bulbs would be distributed through camps and PDS outlets.
  • Biometric authentication is mandatory to avail the benefits of the scheme.

The people in the rural areas were forced to use incandescent or CFL bulbs due to non-availability of quality LED bulbs at a reasonable price. As a result, they were burdened with higher electricity bills. Distribution of LED bulbs at free of cost to the poor families together with reducing the financial burden would enhance the energy efficiency. It is estimated that Odisha would require about 3.8 crore LED bulbs to implement the scheme successfully.

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