Odisha Current Affairs - 2019
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched commencement of work for India’s first Coal-gasification based fertilizer plant with pet coke blending will come up in Talcher, Odisha. The coal gasification based fertilizer plant is being developed by Talcher Fertilizers Limited (TFL).
TFL is joint venture company of GAIL (India) Limited (GAIL-29.67% stake), Coal India Limited (CIL-29.67% stake), Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Limited (RCFL-29.67% stake) and Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited (FCIL-10.99% stake).
The plant will be built at an estimated investment of Rs. 13,000 crore and is targeted to be commissioned by 2022. On completion, this plant will have capacity of producing 1.27 Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum (MMTPA) of Neem coated prilled urea using coal and petcoke as feedstock. Neem coated urea reduces leaching of nitrogen into soil and checks diversion of urea from agriculture uses.
For this plant, TFL has been allotted captive coal mine in Talcher region to ensure steady supply of the feedstock for maintaining continuous operations of the plant. It will produce 2.38 million metric standard cubic meter per day (MMSCMD) natural gas equivalent syngas from coal, leading to reduction in import bill of liquefied natural gas (LNG) by more than Rs 1,620 crore per annum.
Significance of Coal-gasification based fertilizer plant
It will use gas produced from coal, thus reducing dependence on urea and gas imports. It will promote alternative use of domestic coal in environment friendly manner, thereby supporting India’s commitments under CoP 21 Paris Agreement 2016. Pollutants like Carbon Dioxide (CO2) produced by this plant will be recycled for production of Urea and other by – products. Further, ash produced by it will be converted to inert slag which is non–hazardous.
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully flight tested indigenously developed surface-to-surface short-range tactical ballistic missile ‘Prahaar’. It was launched from mobile launcher from Launch Complex-III, Integrated Test Range (ITR), Balasore off Odisha Coast.
It is solid-fuelled surface-to-surface short-range tactical ballistic missile. It has been indigenously developed by DRDO. It has length of 7.3 meter, diameter of 420 mm and weighs 1,280 kg. It has operational range of 150 km and flight altitude of 35 km.
It is quick-reaction, all-weather, all-terrain, highly accurate battlefield support tactical missile with advance manoeuvring capability. It is capable of carrying multiple types of warheads weighing around 200 kg and neutralizing wide variety of targets.
It is fitted with inertial navigation system. It is also equipped with state-of-the-art navigation, guidance and electromechanical actuation systems with advanced on board computer. It can be launched from road mobile system, which can carry six missiles at time. It can also be fired in salvo mode in all directions from launcher.
Significance: Prahaar missile fills vital gap between Multi Barrel Rocket systems such as ‘Pinaka’ and medium range ballistic missiles such as Prithvi. It also fills short-range tactical battlefield missile role as required by Indian Army to take out strategic and tactical targets. It is comparable to MGM-140 Army Tactical Missile System of United States.