Odisha Current Affairs - 2020
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On December 6, 2019, MP Sarojni Hembram from Odisha for the first time spoke in a tribal language called Santhali. She raised the matter of public importance during the zero hour. Also, Srimati Sarojini demanded Bharat Ratna for Pundit Raghunath Murmu, the Santhali scholar who introduced Ol Chiki script for the language in 1925.
The language is predominantly spoken by the North Mundari Group of the Austroasiatic-Munda family. The language is spoken in parts of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Assam, Odisha and also in Nepal and Bangladesh. The Ol Chiki script for the language was created by Raghunath Murmu in 1925.
Schedule 8 of the Constitution
Santhali language was included in the Schedule 8 of the constitution through the 92nd Constitutional Amendment act, 2003. Along with the language, 3 other languages were included namely Maithili, Bodo, Dori.
In 2017, Shika Mandi became the first Indian to host a show in Santhali language.
The Santals are the third largest tribal group in India. They are called Horhopon ko (Sons of Man), Hor Ko or Manjhi. They are classified as Scheduled Tribes in the states of Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal but not in Assam.
In 1855, they protested widely for their mistreatment by the landlords, traders and money lenders. It was called the Santal Rebellion.
Tags: constitutional amendment • Indian languages • Odisha • Parliament • Rajya Sabha
Naveen Patnaik, Chief Minister of Odisha has launched a smart learning phone application ‘MadhuApp’ for school children. This app is aims to help school students in learning their lessons via videos and tutorials.
The app named after ‘Utkal Gourab’ Madhusudan Das, the first graduate and advocate of Odisha. The app has been developed by Ganjam district administration in accordance with the 5T action plan of state government. The 5T stands for Technology, Transparency, Teamwork, Transformation and Time.
The app is equipped with video lectures and exercises in Odia language by leading subject experts and educationists. In 1st phase, the study material has been created for Mathematics and Science Subjects of classes V to Vlll.
About 5T Action Plan
On 25 July 2019 Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik approved 5T action plan for Higher Education Department, to ensure better service delivery to public in Higher Education sector. The 5Ts aim at achieving progress via Transparency, Teamwork, Technology, Time and Transformation. This action plan includes a number of new initiatives such as creation of a ‘Mo College’ platform in line with State Government’s ‘Mo School’ campaign to allow alumni as well as other interested individuals contribute to development of college.