Odisha Current Affairs - 2020

Are you preparing for OPSC Exams?
You must try GKToday’s 1100+ Quality MCQs Series for Odisha. This series has 1100+ Multiple Choice Questions divided into 33 Chapters and 20 Mixed Revision Tests with each question explained. This course is available for android devices on GKToday’s Academy Android App

March 23: Shaheed Diwas

Every year, March 23rd is celebrated as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s Day. The Day is observed to commemorate the courage and heroism of three great young leaders Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru.

Highlights

The Day is also celebrated as Martyr’s Day in the country. Several Schools and Colleges pay tribute and express their gratitude on this day.

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was born in 1907. He popularised the phase “Inquilab Zindabad”. This means Long Live Revolution.

Other Martyr’s Day Observed in India

On January 30, India observes Martyrs Day to mark the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. On May 19, Language Martyr’s Day is marked in the memory of 15 Bengalis who sacrificed their lives in Bengali Language Movement

On October 21, Police Martyr Day is marked. It is also called Police Martyr’s Day. On October 21, the CRPF at the Indo-Tibetan Border were ambushed by the Chinese forces.

On November 17, Odisha Government marks Martyr’s Day to commemorate the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai.

On November 19, Maharashtra observes Martyr’s Day to celebrate the birth anniversary of Rani Lakshmi Bhai.

Budget Allocation to fight Corona: Odisha, Tamil Nadu allocated funds

The US Government recently allocated 100 billion USD to fight Corona Virus. Following the US, UK had announced 400 billion USD to be allocated for Corona Virus.

Ranked the fifth largest economy in the world with a GDP of 2.94 trillion USD, overtaking UK, India is yet to allocate funds for Corona Virus. However, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of working hard to contain the spread of the disease. Also, GoI announced that the Rs 4 lakhs is to be provided to families of the victims affected with Corona Virus.

Justification

The Government of India has still not allocated funds as the fiscal deficits are already high. The Union Budget 2019-20 estimated the fiscal deficit to be Rs 7 lakh crore. Also, this year (2019-20) it is expected that the tax collection is to fall short by Rs 2.5 lakh crore (1.2% of the GDP).

Rather, the Union Government has made the state disaster funds available by notifying COVID-19 virus spread as “disaster”. By law, the State Disaster Response Funds can be used only for notified Disasters under Disaster Management Act, 2005.

State Disaster Response Fund

The fund was constituted under Disaster Management Act, 2005. The fund was constituted based on the recommendation of 13th Finance Commission. Every year, the GoI releases these funds based on the recommendation of the Finance Commission. 75% of the funds are shared by the Centre for the states under General Category. For the states under Special Category, 90% of the funds are contributed by the State.

The Ministry of Home Affairs if the sole head in managing these funds. The National Disaster Response Funds are supplemented when there is shortage in the funds allocated to the states.

Funds Allocated

Odisha became the first state in the country to allocated funds to fight against Corona Virus. The Odisha State government has allocated Rs 200 crores to fight against the deadly disease. The Tamil Nadu Government allocated Rs 60 crores.