Odisha Current Affairs - 2019
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Indigenously developed surface-to-air supersonic Akash missile System was successfully test fired from complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipuri in Odisha.
Test: Two rounds of Akash missiles were fired against Pilot less target aircraft (PTA) Lakshya, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Banshee and Para-barrel. It successfully destroyed the targets coordinated by the user, demonstrating its ‘killing’ efficiency.
About Akash Missile
- Akash (in English it means sky) is a mid-range surface-to-air missile (SAM). It is medium range nuclear capable supersonic missile.
- Indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided-Missile Development Programme (IGMDP).
- Features: The missile has supersonic speeds ranging from Mach 2.8 to 3.5. It is multi target, multi directional, all weather air-defence system consisting of surveillance and tracking radars.
- It has capability to carry warhead of 60 kg. It can engage aerial targets up to a range of approximately 25 kms. It can reach a high altitude of 18 kms and as low as 30 meters.
- It is powered by Ramjet-rocket propulsion system (RRPS) which renders thrust for the missile to intercept the target at supersonic speed without any retardation.
- It is capable of neutralising aerial targets like cruise missiles, fighter jets, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and air-to-surface missiles.
- The missile was formally inducted into the IAF in July 2015.
The East Coast Railway (ECoR) Zone headquartered in Bhubaneswar (Odisha) has emerged as largest Freight Loading Railway Zone the country in year 2015-16 in terms of revenue loading performance.
During 2015-16, the ECoR loaded 173.49 million tonnes of freight as compared to 161.91 during the 2014-15, registering a 7.1 per cent growth.
Similarly, the zone earned about 15978.28 crore rupees during the financial year 2015-16 which is 14.13 per cent more than the previous financial year.
Altogether, the ECoR carried 131.2 rakes loading per day from its jurisdiction in 2015-16 against 122.4 rakes per day in 2014-15. It mainly included coal, cement, iron ore, food grains, POL and other commodities.
About East Coast Railway (ECoR) zone
- The ECoR zone is one of the sixteen railway zones of Indian Railways that came into existence on 1 April 2003.
- As the name suggests, most of the railway routes of the zone are near the east coast of India.
- The geographical jurisdiction of ECoR zone extends over three states covering Odisha, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.